Gordon Bell's Books, Videos, and Papers & Talks
(as Principal Researcher
at Microsoft's San Francisco Research Lab since
MyLifeBits Project www.MyLifeBits.com. The MyLifeBits project aims to put all personal
documents and media online. For the last few years, we have been capturing and
storing my articles, books, correspondence (letters and email), CDs, memos,
papers, photos, pictures, presentations, home movies, videotaped lectures, and
voice recordings. We are building software to support MyLifeBits, beginning
with a MyLifeBits Server that can support capture, storage, and management of
personal media, including: TV with Web enhancement, radio, personal music
collections, and home video. Such a project potentially includes everything
from ensuring that this information will be readable in the future to security.
There are many user interface issues that are highly dependent on the applications.
One of the challenges is to build a facility and a rich
applications to encourage people to take their personal memorabilia out of the
shoebox and store them for all kinds of future usage. Background at http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/projects/mylifebits/
also Google "MyLifeBits". A talk given at BayCHI,
on 11 February 2003 at PARC, Palo Alto (4.8 MByte
PPT) and U.S. Naval Post Graduate School, Monterey on 6 February 2003. Vanguard presentation, 6 MB May 6 is
the latest. See also SIGIR 2004 in Sheffield,
July 26. Talk
at the MIT Media Lab 060915. The MyLifeBits project with Jim Gemmell is
described in an article by us in the March 2007
Alec Wilkinson described Gordon and the MyLifeBits effort in the 28 May 2007 issue of the New Yorker.
lifetime personal store video presentation, beginning at 1:22. Webcast by Austrian Telecom. See the PowerPoint presentation (approx. 10
MB) to Austria's European (Technology) Forum Alpbach,
Thursday 26 August 2004 on the state of MyLifeBits and several research
questions for "Memex" type systems that are being built in several
organizations. ACM Multimedia 2004 Keynote presentation, October 12, 2004.
On November 6, 2004 the MyLifeBits project will be presented at the
Accelerating Change 2004 Conference at Stanford using this 10 MByte
PowerPoint deck. SIGMOD Keynote 14 June,2005:
MyLifeBits, A Transaction
Processing Database for Everything Personal. The talk included
project history, demonstration screens, architecture, size and shape of the
Bell database (200,000 items, 100 GBytes), and
research challenges for the database community. MLB_Stanford_Talk Nov 11, 2005. MyLifeBits Talk given in April 2008
at Australia’s Monash University, Queensland University of Technology, Griffith
University, and Brisbane’s CSIRO Robotics Lab, and CSIRO eHealth Research Lab.
Futures talk given at University of New South
Wales, Australia in May 2005. Presented Bell's Law of Computer
Class formation; converging classes of Computer-cell phone-pda-camera;
convergence of entertainment and personal computer; and the introduction of new
world of scalable computers aka bricks Bricks will replace mainframes,
minis, and SANs. With so much storage and networking, every real thing
e.g. stock, livestock, manufactured item in process, in inventory or in use has
a cyber image or cyber clone in cyberspace.
2058 Keynote (When ops, bytes, pixels, and bandwidth is free) in Singapore
on 22 October 2008. Two day conference sponsored by The
Fulbright Academy and other organizations on the future.
Sensor Nets (WSNs) continues to be an important area of interest because of
my belief that these represent a new computer class as an example of Bell's Law
to extend cyberspace aka make computing ubiquitous. I hosted a seminar at the
Macquarie University Institute for Innovation that included speakers from Alive
Technology that makes medical sensing devices, G2 Microsystems that introduced
a WiFi tagging system, and CSIRO's Herd Management research, and Dust Networks.
slides from my four talks given on 07 February 2006 at Macquarie include:
an overview, applications, technology, and market issues.
Automatic Digital Diary enabled by
location from GPS Cameras. Gemmell Southern Califonia trip sequence, Bondi-Coogee
NSW Australia Walk and Sydney Harbor (Chowder Bay) sail sequences using
MyLifeBits MapPoint Navigation, Trip Replay integration with Ricoh Pro G3 GPS
Camera. The MyLifeBits-MapPoint
integration is described in Technical Report MSR-TR-2004-102. The images demonstrate my first integration
with Maps and Satellite images (using Google Earh)
given the c2007 GPS enabled camera.
- Noncollaborative Telepresentations Come of
Age Gemmell, J. and Bell, C.G., Communications of the ACM Vol.
40, No. 4, April 1997, pp 79-89 gives our view of telepresentations,
a way to be there while being where you are and at another time.
Telepresentations allow for both space and time shifting, and time
- The Revolution Yet to Happen, ACM2047.doc
(300K or about 7K words) is an
invited book chapter commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Association
for Computing Machinery by Jim Gray and I. We posit the next platforms,
interfaces and networks as a framework for new kinds of computers e.g. Do
What I Say, Body Area Nets, and Guardian Angels.
- On-ramp Prospects for the Information Superhighway
Dream is a paper ( Bandwidth Prospects.doc 240K) was published
in the July 1996 Communications of the ACM, and describes the options to
links homes and businesses at video rates. We hold with the
prognostication that it will take until 2001 before adequate bandwidth to
the home is available with the same cost and ubiquity of ISDN.
next 50 years: More Change Than Anyone Can
Imagine is a paper that speculates
about future micros. It was published in the Microprocessor Report, August
1996 or it can be read Future
Micros.doc (150K) .
(20K) paper. Single chip computers
with memories and i/o are beginning to emerge.
The implications I see for these systems and the industry was published in
IEEE Computer commemorating the 25th anniversary of the micro.
- Dear Appy, How Committed Are You? Signed, Lost and
Forgotten Data. Submitted to ACM's On Line Ubiquity
Magazine on 30 December 1999. Publication begins in February 2000.
- Storage and system Requirements when you store
everything you've ever read (written), heard (said), and seen
(presented). Written for a new Microsoft publication to be released
in January 2000. Written by Jim Gemmell and myself.
- A Personal Store for Everything htm (Word 125 KB) is a project to archive all my
personal and professional information content including that which has
been computer generated (since the mid 70s), scanned and recognized, and
recorded on VHS tapes. The archive includes books, correspondence
(i.e. letters, memos, and email), transactions, papers, photos and photo
albums, and video taped lectures. A Technical Report describes the work.
- ACM's Ubiquity On Line Magazine,
May 2, 2000 issue includes an interview with me together with a
discussion of the project to store everything.
- Live on line Telepresence Discussion (htm)
at Washington Post, and sponsored by e-planet and Cyberday
30 May 2000.
- House of Business Interview, October 2000 Issue
(PDF), contains a few high points about working at home with very nice
photographs of my house in Los Altos, CA showing various computing
artifacts that have been collected over the last three decades.
- A Personal Store for Everything (PDF) was
published in the January 2001 issue of the Communications of the ACM.
- Digital Immortality (pdf)
was published in the March 2001 Communications of the ACM Special Issue
for ACM1, their 2001 Conference held in San Jose.
- A Call for the Digital Home Network
Technical Report MSR-TR-2001-52 by Jim Gemmell and submitted to the
CACM. The paper represents our thoughts and work
on everything from "digital convergence", including TV servers
to various home networking schemes and includes the need to discard
Television sets and replace them with high resolution monitors within the
next decade. Furthermore it is essential to avoid the current path of HDTV
for various reasons. We are strong home networking standards
advocates and are skeptical of half-baked schemes to use power lines,
radio, and other media versus a solid wiring scheme that evolves from 802
aka Ethernet. We define "digital transformers" as an
interim scheme for connecting to legacy audio and video devices.
- Bell, G., and J. Gemmell, “A Call for the Home Media
Network”, Communications of the ACM, July 2002, Vol. 45, No. 7, pp
- Crays, Clusters, and Centers Technical Report MSR-TR-2001-76
(.rtf) was published in the February 2002 CACM. After 50 years of building
high performance scientific computers, scalable clusters have become the
dominant architecture. Clusters are in transition from (a) massively
parallel computers and clusters running proprietary software to (b)
proprietary clusters running standard software, and (c) do-it-yourself
Beowulf clusters built from commodity hardware and software. Beowulf
has mobilized a community around a standard architecture and tools.
Its economics and sociology are poised to kill off the other architectural
lines – and will likely affect traditional super-computer centers as
well. Peer-to-peer and Grid communities are beginning to provide
significant advantages for embarrassingly parallel problems and sharing
vast numbers of files. The Computational Grid can federate systems into
supercomputers far beyond the power of any current computing center.
The centers will become super-data and super-application centers. We
appear to be entering an era of super-computing mono-culture. Investing in
next generation software and hardware supercomputer architecture is
essential to improve the efficiency and efficacy of systems.
- Why I Lost A Bet on the Ubiquity of Video Telephony (to
Jim Gray). (TR-2002-49 in Word) and HTML. This note is based on our
thoughts presented by Jim Gemmell on “How
to Fail at Video Conferencing”. It gives the prognosis of the
impediments for video to become commonplace.
PowerPoint Conference Presentations
as a Principal Researcher.
- Laws that Govern the Computer Industry and Computer Class
formation. PowerPoint Presentation sans script. This is a working outline
of a book that Jim Gray and I have talked about writing since 1999. We
have collected a score of Laws (e.g. Moore's, Metcalfes's,
Bill's, Nathan's) that describe the computer industry and market.
Bell's Law of Computer Class formation was discovered about
1972. It states that technology advances in semiconductors, storage,
user interface and networking advance every decade enable a new, usually
lower priced computing platform to form. Once formed, each class is
maintained as a quite independent industry structure. This explains
mainframes, minicomputers, workstations and Personal computers, the web,
emerging web services, palm and mobile devices, and ubiquitous
interconnected networks. We can expect home and body area networks to
follow this path.
1, 2, & 3. Past, present, and future. Talk and PowerPoint with scripts, given April '95 InternetWorld html Talk
with script or
- Telepresence Talk and Script in html given at UC/Berkeley on 14
a.k.a. Corporate Ventures: How to Do Them Right. Talk in html with voice.
This work is based on the Bell Mason Model and Diagnostic and describes a
model for doing successful IntraVentures aka intrapreneurial startups. The viewable
talk on the IntraVentures Model was given at Microsoft on 7 October '96.
perspectives on Seymour Cray's contributions to Computing. Talk and Script in html and PowerPoint. This talk was
presented at the University of Minnesota Cray lecture Services, 10
November 1997. The html presentation contains about 90 slides with photos of various
diagrams and photos of all of the "Cray" computers. PowerPoint slides with text of the talk is
about 2 Mbytes and can
be downloaded for reading.
Wireless Integrated Networked Systems Keynote at the UCLA Workshop 25 February 1998
PowerPoint Presentation sans script Discussion of the challenge and
opportunities for new chip-based sensors, effectors, platforms,
peripherals, and wireless networks.
- Predicting Future Telecom Services and Lack Thereof Bellcore Conference (Competing in the Millennium) 5 May 1998 PowerPoint
Presentation sans script Talk with Bob Lucky about the future challenges
for all telecom carriers e.g. LECs, CLECs, IECs, IXCs.
This includes why phone guys hate computers guys, why computer guys hate
phone guys, and why no one likes cable guys.
Ways to Niche the IECs
PowerPoint Presentation sans script Voice Revenue so as to Effect Change
in Datacom Service for Faster Internet Access,
- Telepresence for the Teleworkplace. PowerPoint Presentation sans script Keynote at the
Desktop Video Conference 30 April 1998 in Santa Clara, CA.
Technology that will drive Enterprise changes... WEST (Web, E-Commerce, Scalability, and
Telepresence). Powerpoint Presentation sans
script Forbes/Gartner Group CIO Congress 14 July 1998
Challenges for Future Computing.
PowerPoint Presentation sans script. Presented at the New Paradigms for
Using Computers aka New Uses for the PC Workshop at IBM Research, Almaden, CA, on 16 July 1998. Also, given to INRIA
University 50th Anniversary Keynote PowerPoint Presentation sans script. This conference
celebrated the 50th anniversary, 21 June 1948, of the first stored program
operation at Manchester University on their "Baby" computer. My talk recalls
the various contributions to computing at Manchester, including the
discovery of virtual memory, memory hierarchies, and the one-level store.
Personal View of the Origins of Personal Computing. PowerPoint presentation (4 MB, sans video and audio
clips) given at the Vintage Computer Fair, Santa Clara, CA, 9 September
- Telepresence PowerPoint talk (4 MB) about telepresence "being
there, while being here and at some other time", sans video and audio
clips given at The Commonwealth Club, San Francisco 4/99 and Argonne
National Laboratory 9/8/98.
PowerPoint presentation (1.6) given at PACT, The Parallel Architectures
and Compilers Techniques, Paris, 14 October 1998.
- Recording and being able to retrieve everything
I've ever read (written), heard (said), and seen (participated in or
presented) PowerPoint (4 MB) given at TTI Vanguard conference on Things that
Think, See, Feel, and Do, November 11, 1998.
Next Ten Years in Supercomputing, SC99CD PowerPoint (2 MB) presentation for The 14th Mannheim
Supercomputer Conference, 10 June 1999, Supercomputing 99 Conf. Proc. CD. Click
to view the talk in your IE 4
browser. Trip album including Rheims, Baden Baden with an especially exotic Rose Garden, and
Mannheim in PowerPoint (1.4 MByte).
(t): A Photo Chronology
A PowerPoint album (7.2 MB) with various supercomputer photos and
specifications, chronicling the evolution of computing starting before the
computer and continuing to 2000. Click
to view the talk in your browser.
99. International Symposium on
High Performance Computing. Kyoto, Japan 26 May 1999 to be available in
hardcopy sometime via Springer-Verlag http://www.springer.de/comp/lncs/index.html. Click
to view the talk in your IE 4
browser. Trip album in a 1.4 MByte
Challenges for Generating Future Computers PowerPoint (5.4 MB) talk evolved from a previous talk.
Given at The Tech Museum of Innovation series "In The Know
Zone", San Jose, on 5 May 1999. See also http://www.thetech.org. Also given at Asian Technology Information Program
(ATIP) Seminar, Tokyo, Japan 24 May 1999. Click
to view the talk in IE browsers.
in the OR2000, a talk
given on 15 July 1999 to The Computers and Robotics in the Operating Room
2000 Conference of surgeons that was morphed from the
"Challenges" talks to reflect the medical information systems
advances and potential.
(in IE 4): Using a
PC to drive large screens e.g. TV sets, Plasma Panels, and video
projectors. The PC also captures content from television sources
e.g. cable, broadcast, satellite for content
rebroadcast via a home CATV network. As a capture device, PCTV can
filter and store video like a VCR akin to the emerging video appliances
e.g. TiVO, ReplayTV.
- Colonizing Cyberspace a PowerPoint (4 MB) presentation that also contains
the script of the talk. This Keynote for the Infrastructure Session, was given on 18 November (Barcelona) and 22
November (Malorca) at the International
Conference in Spain by Catalan Institute. See also the paper (700 KByte Word document), Colonizing Cyberspace published in the
conference proceedings of the Catalan Institute. A Trip album showing some scenes of the
conference and Barcelona is contained in a 2.5 MByte
PowerPoint. Photos of the conference attendees and sessions
are in this PDF file.
- Group99, ACM Special Interest Group on Collaboration, Keynote, 15 November, 1999. Telepresence Challenges, (8MB PowerPoint).
- Beyond Moore’s Law Conference (Opportunities
and Threats coming from High Performance Computing. Kickoff talk PowerPoint (4.9 MB) at the Livermore
National Lab on 8 December 1999.
- Entreprenurial Ventures: How Do You Do Them? A 200KB PowerPoint Presentation or a Browser Presentation with about 50 overheads
that was given telepresently to Germany on
February 29,2000. As a way to increase "presence", some of
the slides contain pictures of the author. The talk was given via
Conference, 4 April 2000 Keynote, Maui, Hawaii. The PC+ Era and It's
Impact on Supercomputing (8 MB, PowerPoint). See also
HPCI Asia PowerPoint of talk in Beijing in May
2000. See the Beijing sight-seeing, including the Great
Symposium on Computer Architecture --ISCA2000 Keynote: Architecture Challenges (5.5 MB PowerPoint)
12 June 2000, Vancouver British Columbia.
- Cluster and Computational Grids for Scientific
Computing, CCGSC 2000, Lyon, France 24-27 September, 2000 PPT Presentation. Provided the last
talk of the session in an attempt to summarize various issues and
differences between Clusters and Grids.
- Merrill Lynch Tech Brains Conference in New York on 31
October 2000. PowerPoint Version (2.8 MBytes)
or HTML Slides.
- Venturing after the .com fall (1MB PPT). A
talk about new ventures using the Bell-Mason Model with Nanyang Ventures in Canberra, Melbourne, and Sydney,
Australia on 13-16 August 2001.
- Crays, Clusters, and Centers (3MB PPT). A talk to
the Victoria Partnership for Advanced Computing (VPAC), Melbourne,
Australia on 16 August 2001.
- Home Multimedia Networks, Platforms and Content.
A 5+ MByte presented to the UC Digital Media
Innovation Initiate conference on 11 October 2001.
- HPEC 2001 High Performance Embedded
Computing Conference at Lincoln Laboratory and DX in Jacksonville Diamond Exchange on
- Observations on Technical Computing, an Ever Changing
Landscape, (1.2 MByte PowerPoint).
Talk given at the Los Alamos Director's Seminar on 17 May 2002. The talk
was concurrent with opening the Supercomputing in Small Spaces project
introducing Bladed Beowulf clusters. http://public.lanl.gov/radiant/
In essence, this project demonstrates what Jim Gray and I advocated in Crays, Clusters, and Centers Technical Report MSR-TR-2001-76
(.rtf) and that was published in our February 2002 CACM paper.
- Computing Research Association (CRA) Grand Challenges
for future systems workshop held at Arlie House, Warrenton, VA on 23-26
June 2002. I presented a base case for systems in 2012 assuming
continuation of Moore's Law together with what is likely to be the
economic and political environment. Most likely new, much lower cost
networks will form based on radio network linked sensor/effectors
networked platforms. I felt such a base was important for the other
systems to use in their own planning targets. I take the point of view,
"whatever will be, will be". While I anticipate nothing as
radical as the Internet that occurred over the last decade, I do assume
these new network/platform/interface structures will form based on nearly
zero cost hardware. These nets could be in body, in home or
building, in the field, etc.
- Four Areas for Exploiting Exponential Gains in Storage:
Terabyte PCs for MyLifeBits and the home, small systems that
need storage, and Jim Gray's Sneaker Net boxes (8 MByte).
Keynote presented telepresently to the Seagate
Research Lab Grand Opening, Pittsburgh, on 21 August 2002.
- Grid Technology: Taxonomies and Challenges
(200 KByte PPT) A talk summarizing Grid
Technology observations and directions for researchers at the 3rd
bi-annual Computation Clusters and Grid Systems Conference (CCGSC2002) Lyon, France, 10-13 September
- Thoughts on home computing platforms and standards
(9 MByte PPT), given to the Internet Home
Alliance group fall meeting at Chaminade
Conference Center, Santa Cruz, CA on 19-20 September 2002. The talk
included experience based on Digital Equipment Corporation's platform
standards, including Ethernet, Heuristics for creating standards, and a
vision/goal for future home computing and entertainment standards.
- Introduction to the Grid (6 MByte PPT) given at TTI Vanguard's
Miami Conference on efrastructures on 23
- NSF Computing and Information Sciences and Engineering
(CISE) Visit and Talk (1.7 MByte PPT)
on 4 October 2002. The talk looked back at the 1986 initiatives when
CISE was created with a $100M budget. It included the CRA decade-out
base case, and a review of the GRID. Some questions and challenges
for CISE in 2002 were given:
What is going to change, enhance, or support the base case? What area(s)
might surprises come from?
Would computational science be better served by funding applications
versus tools builders e.g. GRID?
What were the results of the Grand Challenges program that was funded
across the government in the '90s?
Is the GRID leveraging and enhancing the various industrial web services
Would scientific computing be helped by computer scientists applying
database technology to problems versus grepping
for data, since these 30 year old techniques won't work for peta-byte sized databases?
What can be done for more effective high speed network investments?
- MyLifeBits Meets the Media Center in the home.
(8 MBybte PPT) Talk given at Larry Rowe's
UC/Berkeley Seminar, 20 November 2002. A second generation version was given at the
Jon Postel Lecture at UCLA on 16 January
2003. This multi-part talk covers the motivation, installation, and
other aspects of the Media Center (in this case HP's great product
introduced in the fall of 2002) and home networking with the vision of a
home IP network. The final part discusses content from
Gordon's MyLifeBits e.g. art, CDs, photos, and videos and its use with the
Media Center. The MyLifeBits project is aimed at storing everything
(articles, books, conversations, correspondence, music, photos, videos) for subsequent retrieval and all kinds
of use. See below.
- MyLifeBits Project. Background at http://research.microsoft.com/barc/MediaPresence/MyLifeBits.aspx also Google "MyLifeBits".
A talk given at BayCHI, on 11 February 2003 at PARC, Palo Alto
(4.8 MByte PPT) and U.S. Naval Post Graduate
School, Monterey on 6 February 2003. The MyLifeBits project aims to put
all personal documents and media online. For the last few years, we have
been capturing and storing my articles, books, correspondence (letters and
email), CDs, memos, papers, photos, pictures, presentations, home movies,
videotaped lectures, and voice recordings. We are building software to
support MyLifeBits, beginning with a MyLifeBits Server that can support
capture, storage, and management of personal media, including: TV with Web
enhancement, radio, personal music collections, and home video. Such a
project potentially includes everything from ensuring that this
information will be readable in the future to security. There are many
user interface issues that are highly dependent on the applications. One
of the challenges is to build a facility and a rich
applications to encourage people to take their personal memorabilia out of
the shoebox and store them for all kinds of future usage.
- Convergys Technology (PPT) given 3 March
2003 on What a Technology Driven Company Might Look Like. This is a
comparison based on my understanding of Microsoft and experience at
Digital Equipment Corporation as head of R & D. The cultural framework
was posited by Edgar Schein, Professor of Organizational Development at
the MIT Sloan School of Management, for his forthcoming book on the
Digital culture. Slides compare his interpretation of what was learned
from my simple explanation of ignorance and incompetence at the top!
- IEEE Vis 2003
Keynote (15 MB PPT) given 23 October 2003, Seattle, WA. “MyLifeBits
Challenge for Visualization”.
persons & things, past & future in cyberspace not cardboard boxes
(13 MB PPT) keynote at the Image Science and Technology Conference on Archiving, 22 April 2004, San Antonio, TX. Talk
included experience at Archive.org, the National Library of Medicine site
of Nobel Prize winners, the State of California page of finders, Allen
Newell's papers at CMU, recent experience of user submittals to the
Computer History Museum, and the effects of MyLifeBits on future
requirements that will exacerbate storage and hosting environment
status and the past, present, and future challenges, a 14 MB, PowerPoint
presentation to the 30th Asilomar Microcomputer
Workshop, 29 April 2004, the ACM/IEEE Boston Chapter at MIT 6, May 2004,
and Santa Clara University 13 May 2004.
Fourth Paradigm of Science: Data Analytics. Invited speaker at CSIRO’s
Sensor Workshop, March 26, 2008.
transitions take forever especially telepresence. The Third Remote
Presence Clinical Innovation Forum for InTouch-Health.
July 18, 2008
2058 Keynote (When ops, bytes, pixels, and bandwidth is free) in
Singapore on 22 October 2008.
20th & 21st Century Digital Lives: MyLifeBits, a “digital life”
experience is a talk at The First Digital
Lives Conference at the British Library, 10 February 2009. The BL
hosted a conference dealing with all the aspects of preserving the lives
of individuals that are increasingly only in digital, not paper form. The
conference covered a range of topics from long term preservation of
digital media or organizing principles.
Recall book announcement and additional videos at the Computer
Netshow Videos and Videotapes
- A short (5 min.) video on the Life of Seymour Cray is
provided by Cray Research/SGI at 28.8Kbps and 300Kbps.
- Computer Pioneers (Atanasoff,
Grosch, Hopper, Stibitz
and Zuse) and Pioneer Computers Videotapes (ENIAC to EDVAC, with Burks,
Eckert, Mauchly, and Wilkes) are two 50 minute videotapes using original
film and video that The ACM, The Computer Museum, and Gwen Bell and I
produced. They are available from the ACM and The Computer Museum.
- The Laws of
Prediction. Netshow Talk given at the ACM97 Conference, San Jose,
CA, March 3-5, 1997. All of the ACM97 Talks are at http://research.microsoft.com/acm97.
the Future of Computers.
Netshow Video @28.8 Kbps. This 1972 videotaped
lecture was given at M.I.T. and describes a model for future computers,
including computer classes and the prediction of new types of computers.
Rules for Supercomputer Design.
Netshow Video @28.8 Kbps. This 1989 University
Video Communications Distinguished videotaped lecture describes the
architecture and supercomputer design difficulties as embodied in the
Ardent Graphics Supercomputer.
the Teraflop. Netshow Video @28.8 Kbps. This 1992 University Video
Communications Distinguished videotaped lecture describes the results of
the Strategic Computing Initiative toward achieving a 1 Teraflop computer.
and Intrepreneurial Ventures. Netshow Video @28.8 Kbps.
Why they are different and hard. Netshow Video
that was given at Xerox PARC in 1992.
A lifetime personal store beginning at 1:22. Webcast by Austrian
Telecom at Austria's European (Technology) Forum Alpbach,
Plenary Session speaker, "The World of Tomorrow", held Thursday
26 August 2004. See also the PowerPoint presentation
(approx. 10 MB).
of Supercomputers PowerPoint talk (PDF) and one hour Video of the
talk was given at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory on 24 April, 2013
Since my first visit to
Livermore in 1961 and seeing the LARC, recalling the elegance of the 6600,
and just observing this computer class evolution have been high points of
my life as an engineer and computing observer. Throughout their early
evolution, supercomputer architecture “trickled down” in various ways for
use with other computers. In the mid 1990s the
flow reversed when large computers became scalable and constructed from
clusters of microprocessors. Unlike the two paths of Bell’s Law that
account for the birth, evolution, and death of other computer classes e.g.
supercomputers have doubled in performance every year for the last 50
years just by building larger structures. While
computer performance is the first order term to track their high
performance, many other technologies e.g. FORTRAN, LINPACK, government
funding policy, and applications have contributed to the extraordinary
progress. This talk traces a trajectory and contributors to this
books were encoded at Carnegie-Mellon University and hosted at their Universal
. With the exception of High Tech Ventures, the books are out of print and
- Bell C. G., A. Newell, COMPUTER STRUCTURES: READINGS AND EXAMPLES,
McGraw-Hill, 1971. At this site.
- Bell, Grason, Newell, DESIGNING COMPUTERS AND DIGITAL SYSTEMS USING PDP-16
REGISTER TRANSFER MODULES, Digital Press, September
1972. At this site.
- Barbacci, M.R., Bell, C.G. Newell, ISP; A LANGUAGE TO
DESCRIBE INSTRUCTIONS SETS AND OTHER DIGITAL SYSTEMS, Carnegie-Mellon
University, Dept. of Computer Science, 1972
C. G., J. Bell, MINICOMPUTER SOFTWARE, Proceedings of the IFIP
Conference on Software and Minicomputers, Co-editors, North-Holland
Publishing Company, 1976
- Bell, C. G., C. Mudge, J. McNamara, COMPUTER ENGINEERING, Digital Press
1978. At this site.
- Siewiorek, D., C. G. Bell, A. Newell, COMPUTER STRUCTURES; PRINCIPLES AND EXAMPLES,
McGraw-Hill, 1982. At this site.
- Bell, C. Gordon, John E. McNamara, HIGH TECH VENTURES: THE GUIDE TO ENTREPRENEURIAL
SUCCESS, Addison-Wesley, 1991. At this site. This
book is available in hard copy from Addison-Wesley. It is put here for
viewing and not for downloading and printing to circumvent the purchase of
a book. Hard copies should be purchased from the
- Bell, Gordon, Gemmell, Jim, Total
Recall: How the e-Memory Revolution Will Change Everything, Dutton,
2009. See www.totalrecallbook.com
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