
Abbott, W.J.
A Manual of the Decimal
System for the Use of Jewelers etc.
London, J.&R. Maxwell
1879
Title page loose
ID: #B1566.01
LOC: CHM


AbdankAbakanowicz
Les Intégraphes
Paris, GauthierVillars
1886
Poor condition
ID#: B1551.01 (marked B187.87
and B395.87)
LOC: CHM

The integraph is a noteworthy
development in the history of calculating instruments. While the principle on
which it is based was introduced by Coriolis in 1836, it was in 1878 that
AbdankAbakanowitz first developed a practical working model. The integraph is
an elaboration and extension of the planimeter, an earlier, simpler instrument
used to measure area. It is a mechanical instrument capable of deriving the
integral curve corresponding to a given curve. Hence, it is capable of solving
graphically a simple differential equation.
Sets of partial differential
equations are commonly encountered in mathematical physics. Most branches of
physics such as aerodynamics, electricity, acoustics, plasma physics,
electronphysics and nuclear energy involve complex flows, motions and rates of
change which maybe described mathematically by partial differential equations. A
wellestablished example from electromagnetics is the set of partial
differential equations known as Maxwell's equations.
In practice, differential
equations can be difficult to integrate, that is to solve. The integraph is
capable of solving only simple differential equations. The need to handle sets
of more complex nonlinear differential equations, led Vannevar Bush to develop
the Differential Analyzer at MIT in the early 1930s. In turn, limitations in
speed, capacity and accuracy of the Bush Differential Analyzer provided the
impetus for the development of the ENIAC during World War II.
AbdankAbakanowicz’s instrument
could produce solutions to a commonly encountered class of simple differential
equations of the form dy/dx = F(x) so that y =
ò F(x)dx. The basic approach was to draw a graph of the function F and
then use the pointer on the device to trace the contour of the function. The
value of the integral could then be read from the dials. The concept of the
instrument was taken up and soon put into production by such well known
instrument makers as the Swiss firm of Coradi in Zurich.


Adler, A.
Fünfstellige Logarithmen
Leipzig
1909
ID#: B1617.01
LOC: CHM


Ainslie, John
The Gentlemen and
Farmer's Pocket Companion and Assistant
Edinburgh, J. Brown
1802
ID#: B1619.01
LOC: CHM


Archibald, Raymond
Clare
Mathematical Table Makers
The Scripta Mathematica Studies
#3
1948
Good condition
ID#: B1568.01
LOC: CHM

Raymond Clare Archibald was
born in Nova Scotia, Canada, and attended university there, studying both
mathematics and violin. After further study at Harvard and Berlin, he earned his
doctorate in mathematics at Strassburg. Becoming professor of mathematics at
Brown University in 1908, he remained there until retirement. R.C.A., as he was
known to many, was the last chairman of the Committee on Mathematical Tables and
Other Aids to Computation (19391949), and the founder and editor of the journal
Mathematical tables and other aids to computation (MTAC).
This volume is a collection of
biographies and bibliographies of mathematical tables makers. It originally
appeared, less three entries, in Scripta Mathematica in 1946.
Information, and occasional portraits, are provided on 53 of the most famous
mathematical table makers.
Tables were one of the main
tools used in scientific computation until the invention of the computer and
table makers were one of the first casualties of computer automation. Table
makers were the impetus behind the automation of table making from Babbage to
Comrie to Aiken. Several early programmers came from the ranks of table making
projects and numerical analysis and computer science owes a significant debt to
them.


Arthur, William
Appraisers’ and
Adjusters’ Handbook
1st edition, second issue
1924
New York, U.P.C. Book Co. Inc.
Good condition
ID#: B1543.01
LOC: CHM


Asimov, Isaac
An
Easy Introduction to the Slide Rule
Fawcett Premier 1965, paperback
1967
ID#:
B1667.01
LOC: CHM 

Aspin, Jehoshaphat
Ede's Gold and
Silversmiths' Calculator
London, Turner and Co.
ID#: 1005.98
LOC: CHM


Babbage, Charles
On the Economy of
Machinery and Manufactures
London, Charles Knight
1832, first edition
Inscribed "To Sir Edward Ryan
from his friend the author" (Ryan was, I believe, Babbage's brotherinlaw)
ID# B264.83
LOC: CHM

This is one of Babbage’s major
works. It established him as a major influence in the field of economics. The
material was first published in the Encyclopedia Metropolitana in 1829
and then as this volume. It went through many editions and was translated into
the major European languages. Babbage added minor items from one edition to the
next, but essentially the material was all present in this first edition. The
first half is devoted to the examination of the process of manufacturing and the
second to more “macroeconomic” considerations. It was due to this work that
Babbage has been referred to as the father of operations research. 

Babbage, Charles
Passages From the Life of
a Philosopher
London, Longman, Green
1864, 1^{st} edition
Hinges cracked
ID#: B223.82
LOC: CHM

This autobiographical work
includes the history of both the Difference Engine and the Analytical Engine.
Also covered are his many other inventions and contributions including: the
speedometer, the cowcatcher, encoded lighthouse signaling, and what is today
known as operations research.


Babbage, Charles
Table of Logarithms of the Natural Numbers from 1 to 108,000
Stereotyped
edition
London, 1889
Dedication page to
LieutenantColonel Colby of the Royal Engineers
ID#: B1681.01
LOC: CHM 

Barreme
ComptesFaits de Barreme
en Francs et Centrimes
Paris, Limoges
N/d
ID#: B1572.01
LOC: CHM

Barreme was a native of Lyons who founded a commercial school in
Paris. He was responsible for the publication of many different types of tables
and readyreckoners during his lifetime. The tradition was continued by his son
Nicolas. The tables became so popular that their name became a synonym for
readyreckoners or numerical tables in general and they are known by the name
Barème in France today. While they were both popular and produced long after
Barreme died, editions predating 1700 are very rare.


Barreme
CompteFaits de Barreme ou
Tarif General Dedie...
Jean Geofroy nyon sur le quay
de Conty
1710
ID#: B1574.01
LOC: CHM


Barreme
Les Comptes Faits
1723
nice title page showing
merchant
ID#: B1616.01
LOC: CHM


Barreme
Le Livre des Comptes Faits
Avignon
1748
ID#: B1014.98
LOC: CHM


Barreme
Le Livre Necessaire pour
les Comptables
Paris
1756
Poor condition
ID#: B1601.01
LOC: CHM


Barreme
Le Livre des
ComptesFaits
Paris, Babuty Fils
1768
ID#: B1573.01
LOC: CHM


Barreme
Le Livre des ComptesFaits
Rouen
1785
ID#: B1607.01
LOC: CHM


Barreme
Le Livre des
ComptesFaits
Lyon
1807
ID#: B1621.01
LOC: CHM


de Beauclair, W.
Rechen Mit Maschinen
Braunschweig, Vieweg & Sohn
1968
Forward by Konrad Zuse,
signature of Gordon Bell
565 photos
ID#: B330.78
LOC: CHM


Berkeley, edmund c.
Brainiac
manuals, contains: Geniacs, Simple
Electric
Brain Machines and How to Make Them, 1955;
Tyniacs,
Tiny Electric Brain Machines and How to
Make Them,
1956; Brainiacs, the 1958 Experiements,
1958; How
to Go From Brainiacs and Geniacs to
Automatic
Computers, 1958; Brainiacs, Materials in the
Kit and
How to Assemble Them, 1966; Brainiacs
Introduction and Explanation, 1959; and How to
Assemble
Brainiacs by Dorothy Zinck, 1959.
19551966
Berkeley Enterprises, Inc.
ID#: B1677.01
LOC: CHM


Bessel, Friderico
Wilhelmo
Tabulae Regiomontanae Reductionum Observationum
Astronomicarum ab anno 1750 usque ad annum 1850
1830
Royal Greenwich Observatory
binding
ID#: B369.86
LOC: CHM

First
edition, 8vo, pp. (Iv), lxiii, (i), 542, errata, verso lank; foxed; blue library
buckram, from the Royal Greenwich Observatory, release stamp on end paper.
The star positions given for
one century, constitute the first modern reference system for the measurement of
the positions of the sun, the moon, the planets, and the stars, and for many
decades the Konigsberg tables were used as ephemeerrides. With their aid, all
observations of the sun, moon, and planets made since 1750 at the Royal
Greenwich Observatory could be reduced; and thus these observations could be
used for the theories of planetary orbits.


Bidder, George P.
Bidder's Tables
One large folding table bound
in covers giving volumes of excavations etc.
ID#: B1609.01
LOC: CHM


Bigelow, Jacob, M.D.
Elements
of Technology
1829
Original
cloth‑covered boards with original paper label, uncut. With a large folding,
engraved frontispiece + 10 engraved plates (6 folding) + 11 woodcut plates (1
folding) + many text figs. Spine somewhat worn and repaired, cloth partially
faded and frayed at edges
ID#:
B246.82
LOC:

Jacob
Bigelow (1786‑1879) was appointed in 1816 to the chair which Count Rumford had
endowed at Harvard for the instruction of the application of the sciences to the
useful arts, a first attempt to create a meeting ground for self‑made inventors
and academic scientists. There being no good name for such a field, Bigelow
coined for it the name ‘technology’, which has passed into common language. 

Bion, N. (translated
by Edward Stone)
The Construction and
Principle Uses of Mathematical Instruments
London
1723
ID#: B18.78
LOC: CHM

Nicholas Bion was the king’s
engineer for mathematical instruments. It is surprising how little is known
about his life beyond the fact his workshops were in Paris. He was very famous,
but it is difficult to determine if his fame rests on the quality of his
instruments or because he wrote this respected book. Only a few of his original
instruments appear to have survived.
The work is encyclopedic and
gives descriptions of the mathematical instruments commonly available at the
beginning of the 18^{th} century. Bion interpreted “mathematical”
broadly for the work contains information on devices used in a variety of
scientific and engineering fields. It is composed of a preface giving
definitions of mathematical terms, followed by eight separate books:
rulers, and protractors; the sector containing a line of equal parts (“B” in his
figure 1), line of planes (“C”), line of polygons (“D”), line of chords (“F”),
line of solids (“H”), and line of metals (“G”); the compass (including both
proportional compass and beam compass); surveying devices (quadrants,
chords, chains, and sighting devices); water levels and gunner’s
instruments (gunner’s compass and quadrant); astronomical instruments (large
quadrants and micrometers for measuring); navigational instruments,
including, for example, the Jacob’s staff, and the mariner’s quadrant which
were, by then, no longer in use; sundials of all forms at all
orientations, the nocturnal, and a water clock.
The volume was intended for the
instrument user rather than the instrument maker. The description of several
devices (optical and micrometer instruments in particular) are lacking in detail
which might indicate that Bion was not familiar with them or, perhaps more
likely, that he did not wish his rivals to be able to reproduce his instruments.
Edmund Stone (ca. 1700 1768),
the translator of this work, was the son of a gardener to the Scottish Duke of
Argyle. At the age of 8, another servant taught him to read. Shortly thereafter
he noticed an architect, working on the Duke’s house, using instruments and
making calculations. Inquiring about these, he learned of the existence of
arithmetic and geometry and purchased a book on the subject. When he was 18 and
a gardener on the estate, the Duke saw a copy of Newton’s Principia in
the grass. Assuming it was from his library, the Duke called a servant to return
it and was very surprised when the young gardener intervened claiming it was his
own. The Duke became his patron and provided him with employment that would
allow time for study. Stone became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1725. The
patronage continued until the Duke’s death in 1743 when Stone lived in poverty
(he had to resign his Fellowship in the Royal Society at the time) and
eventually died a pauper.
According to the translator’s
preface Stone had wanted to produce a work on instruments and decided that
Bion’s provided the best model available. Rather than writing one himself, he
decided to translate the French work and add to it those English instruments
that Bion had overlooked. An example of such an addition—the inclusion of the
English gunner’s calipers—can be seen by comparing the plate showing artillery
instruments in the first (1709) edition of Bion with the present volume.
Stone also added, as an example
of the power of the instruments, a short section on “The Use of the Sector in
the Construction of Solar Eclipses” in which he details the path, across Europe,
of the Moon’s shadow for the eclipse of May 11, 1724—the year after the
publication of this translation.
This work is actually a
translation of the second (1716) edition of Bion. It includes the additional
chapters on fortification, and the pendulum clock from that edition. This
translation appeared at the same time as Bion’s third French edition.


Bion (Edward Stone
translator)
Construction and Use of
Mathematical Instruments (Holland reprint)
This is the reprint done about
1981 of the original edition
ID#: B18.78b
LOC: CHM


Blackie and Son
The Agriculturists
Calculator: A Series of Tables...
London
No spine
ID#: B1023.98
LOC: CHM


Bois, G. Petit (Ingénieur
Civil des Mines)
Tables d’Intégrales
Indéfinies
Paris, GauthierVillars
1906
ID#: B1579.01
LOC: CHM


Boole, George
A Treatise on the
Calculus of Finite Differences
Cambridge, Macmillan Co.
1860
ID#: B247.82
LOC: CHM

George Boole was the son of a cobbler whose
hobby was mathematics and lens grinding. The father encouraged the son to study
mathematics but the family’s financial situation prevented him from obtaining
anything except an elementary education. George studied on his own and quickly
mastered Latin, Greek, and several European languages as well as mathematics. In
1849 he was appointed to the professorship of mathematics at Queen’s College, Cork, despite his lack of formal
qualifications. He made many contributions to mathematics but his most famous
work was the creation of mathematical logic. Several people, most notably
Leibniz and DeMorgan, had attempted some type of algebraic treatment of logic
prior to Boole but none had manage to overcome the difficulties that arise when
considering anything beyond the most trivial situations.
Boole’s entry into this field was due to a
simple argument between DeMorgan and the Scottish philosopher W. Hamilton.
Hamilton had derided some of DeMorgan’s attempts to introduce the systems of
algebra into logic and had indicated that logic was the realm of the philosopher
and that mathematics was dangerous and useless. Boole, by using Hamilton’s own
arguments, showed that logic was not part of philosophy. He then proceeded to
study if logic, like geometry, might be founded on a group of axioms (see entry
for Boole, The mathematical analysis of logic, 1847).
In recent times, Boolean logic has found
widespread use in the design of digital computers and communications systems,
indeed it would be impossible to design even a simple electronic computer
without using these techniques.
This work contains material for which
George Boole was well known in his lifetime. It is now so completely
overshadowed by his contributions to mathematical logic as to be almost
forgotten.


Booth, David
The Tradesman, Merchant,
and Accountants Assistant
London, George Cowie & Co.
1821
ID#: B1598.01
LOC: CHM


Bottomley, J.T.
Four Figure Mathematical
Tables
Macmillan & Co.
1910
ID#: B1561.01
LOC: CHM


Bottemley, J.T.
Four Figure Mathematical
Tables
London
1918
Signature of L.M. MilneThomson
ID#: B1586.01
LOC: CHM


Bowden, B. V. (edited
by)
Faster than Thought
Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons, Ltd.,
London
1953
ID#: B257.82
LOC: CHM


Briggs, Henry (Vlacq,
A.)
Arithmetica Logarithmica
London
1624
disbound
ID#: B277.82
LOC: CHM

Henry Briggs graduated from
Oxford with an MA in 1585 and remained there as a junior academic. He was
elected as a Fellow of St. John’s College in 1589. In 1596 he was invited to be
the founding professor of geometry at the newly created Gresham College in
London where he worked lecturing and creating navigational tables. Shortly after
Napier published his Mirifici logarithmorum canonis descriptio in 1614,
Briggs obtained a copy and immediately saw the value of logarithms for
navigation and other computations. He began to teach them to his students and
soon saw that they would be easier to use if the base was changed to 10. Briggs
visited with Napier in the summer of 1615 and again in 1616 and, after the two
men had agreed on the proposed changes, Briggs began calculating the new base 10
logarithms. Napier took no part in this work as he was not well and died the
next year. In 1617 Briggs supervised the printing of a translation, produced by
Edward Wright who had died shortly after finishing it, of Napier’s work. In a
preface to this translation he justifies the changes and includes a small table
of logarithms of numbers from 1 to 1000 (the first “chiliad”).
This volume contains logarithms
for numbers from 1 to 20,000 and from 90,000 to 100,000. It took until 1624 to
produce the table in this volume. Briggs did not start calculating logarithms in
succession, but used a number of critical logarithms for 0, 10^{1/2}, 10^{3/4},
etc to calculate the others. Briggs wrote a preface in which he explained how to
use the logs and gave a plan for calculating the missing 70,000 numbers—even
offering to supply special paper divided into columns for anyone willing to
help. He provided the difference between each adjacent value and a method of
calculating logarithms by interpolation from differences. The missing 70
chiliads were included in the second edition of this work published by Adrian
Vlacq in 1628, although Briggs had nearly completed the calculations by this
time himself. It was in the preface to this work that Briggs coined the terms
characteristic and mantissa for the two portions (on either side of
the decimal point) of a logarithmic number.
Some copies of this work have
an additional 6 pages containing the logarithms for 100,001 to 101,000 and a
table of square roots from 1 to 200. This volume does not contain these extra
pages but they are in another issue in this collection (see entry for Briggs,
Arithmetica Logarithmica, 1624 – another issue).
These logarithms, together with
those of Vlacq mentioned above, form the basis from which almost all other
tables were produced. At the end of the 18th century the French produced the
Tables du Cadastre which were only available in manuscript form (see entry for
Prony). Towards the end of the 19th century, Mr. Sang published a sevenfigure
table of logarithms for numbers up to 200,000, the last half of which was a new
calculation. With these two exceptions, all other pre20th century tables were
simply edited copies of the original Briggs and Vlacq computations (see the
entry for Charles Babbage, Notice respecting some errors common to many tables
of logarithms, 1829).


Brooks, Frederick P. Jr.
The
Mythical ManMonth
Essays on
Software Engineering
ID#:
B1685.01
LOC: CHM 

Brown, Ernest W. and
Drouwer, Dirk
Tables for the
Development of the Distribution Function with Schedules for Harmonic Analysis
Cambridge University Press
1933
ID#: B1588.01
LOC: CHM


Brown, J. (improved
by John Wallace)
Mathematical Tables (logs
etc)
Edinburgh
1815 (3ed edition ?)
ID#: B1604.01
LOC: CHM


Bruhns
A New Manual of
Logarithms
Van Nostrand
1909 (8th edition)
poor condition – spine loose
ID#: B1533.01
LOC: CHM


Burdwood, John
(revised by Percy L. H. Davies)
Sun's True Bearing or
Azimuth Tables
London
1923, 2ed edition
ID#: B1620.01
LOC: CHM


Burrau, Carl
Tafeln der Funictionen
Cosinus un Sinus
Berlin, Verlag von Georg Reimer
1907
ID#: B1576.01
LOC: CHM


Burington, Richard
Stevens
Handbook of Mathematical
Tables and Formulas
1950
USA
See B287.55
ID#: B44.79
LOC: CHM


Burington, Richard
Stevens
Handbook of Mathematical Tables and Formulas
Handbook
Publishers, Inc. Sandusky, Ohio
Reprinted with corrections, 1953
Gordon Bell's
book with cigarette burn
ID#:
B287.55 (Marked B282)
LOC: CGB


Burritt, Elijah
Hinsdale
Logarithmick Arithmetick
– to be used in schools in New England
Williamsburgh
1818
ID#: B1594.01
LOC: CHM


Byrne, Oliver
Practical, Short, &
Direct Method of Calculating the Logarithm of Any Given Number
New York, Applaton & Co.
1849
Good condition, presentation
copy to Franklin Institute 3, May 1851
ID#: B1545.01
LOC: CHM

Byrne, according to another of his
publications, was “SurveyorGeneral of the Falkland Islands, Professor of Mathematics
in the College for Civil Engineers, Consulting Actuary to the Philanthropic Life
Assurance Society etc. etc. etc”. DeMorgan (A Budget of Paradoxes,
1872, pp. 199200) is scathing about an
item written by Byrne in which he attempts to use mathematical symbols to prove
statements in the creed of St. Athanasius.
This, like other publication by Byrne, is
an extreme example. In it he shows a method of calculating any logarithm for any
number. While it would work, the system is completely impractical, particularly
when a table of logarithms is so easy to use. In the introduction he points out
a curiousity where eight numbers have the same digits as their logarithms.


Callet, Francois
Tables Portatives des
Logarithmes
Paris
1795 an III (Tirage 1806)
ID#: B1560.01
LOC: CHM

This is a table with a decimal
subdivision of the circle (the French attempt to reform trionometry after the
revolution to make it metric) The logarithms are a report of Gardner’s 1742
tables.
Back off – held on with rubber
band.
Callet, who was distantly related to Rene
Descartes, held a number of teaching positions in smaller French towns but
eventually became a teacher of mathematics in Paris. He is best know for the tables that
he edited.
This is an edition of Gardiner's 1742
tables. These were widely regarded as being highly accurate but they were only
produced in small print runs and were difficult to locate. Gardiner’s original
tables were published in a larger format (see entries for Gardner)
described by Callet as “équivalent à un petit infolio”. This French edition was
designed to provide them both at less cost and in a smaller format that would be
easier to use.


Capra, Balthasar
Vsvs
et Fabrica Circini Cvivsdam Proportionis, per quem omnia fere tum Euclidis, tum
Mathematicorum omnium problemate facili negotio refoluunter
H.E. de
Duccijs, Bononiae (Bologna) 1655
Italy, 1st
Ed., Modern leather binding and use,
86 pages,
many text woodcuts including a full page one of the sector.
ID#:
B334.85
LOC: CHM

The author
(1580‑1626) an Italian astronomer and philosopher is best known for his
challenge of Galileo as the inventor of the compass of proportion or sector.
This book was written in 1607 although not published until 1655 after Galileo’s
first disclosure about 1598. 

carrera, roland; lioseau, dominique;
roux, oliver
Androids, the JaquetDroz
Automatons
Scriptar and Franco Maria Ricci
In box with score and music of
JaquetDroz automation
1979
ID#: B1519.01
LOC: CHM


Cavalerio,
Bonaventura
Trigonometria Plana, et
Sphaerica, Linearis, & Logarithmica
1643
(first half appears to have
been cleaned but last half does not)
ID#: B1006.98
LOC: CHM

Cavalieri considered himself a disciple of
Galileo and, although they seldom met, there are 112 letters from him to Galileo
published in the Opere di Galileo. He was ordained in his late teens and was
moved by his religious superiors to many different places in Italy, eventually becoming a prior of a
convent in Bologna. This position gave him the leisure he needed for his
mathematical studies and he published a number of mathematical works while
there. Although he is known as an astrologer, he stated that he did not believe
in the predictions, however this may well have been to placate his supervisors
rather than any real statement of truth. While in Bologna he developed a
mathematical technique (method of indivisibles) which was a step towards the
eventual creation of the calculus. He is credited with the introduction of
logarithms into Italy.
This is a treatise on plane and spherical
trigonometry with, as was usual for Cavalieri, tables of logarithms. The table
combines standard trigonometric values with logarithmic ones in what he terms a
“Canon Duplex” (double table) that was well laid out for its day. Logarithms of
numbers are simply for the first chiliad.
Cavalieri uses the preface to this volume
to refute criticism of his method of indivisibles by Paul Guldin a Jesuit
scholar. The frontispiece shows the goddess Trigonometria opening the door to
show the various applications of the art.


Chambers
Mathematical Tables
1860
ID#: B1021.98
LOC: CHM


Collins, Thomas
The Complete Ready Reckoner in
Miniature
London, B. Crosby & Co.
1802
poor condition
ID#: B1026.98
LOC: CHM


Collins, Thomas
The
Complete Ready Reckoner in Miniature
1816
ID#:
B1525.01
LOC:


collyer & son
(publisher)
Square Measure at a
Glance: Collyer's Tables for Calculating Superficial Areas
1879 (from preface)
Good condition
ID#: B1564.01
LOC: CHM


Compton, Karl
Taylor
A Scientist Speaks
Excerpts from addresses by Karl Taylor Compton
during the years 19301949 when he was President of
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
MIT, 1955
ID#: B1680.01
LOC: CHM 

Cooper, Henry O.
Instruction for the use of A.W. Faber “Castell” Precision Calculating Rules
A.W. Faber,
“Castell” Pencil Works, Ltd.,
ca 1935, Germany,
Grey and red cover
ID#: 196.91
LOC: CHM 

Courtney, John
The Boilermaker's Ready
Reckoner
London
1882
disbound
ID#: B1580.01
LOC: CHM


Courtney, John
(revised by D. Kinnear Clark)
The Boilermaker's Ready
Reckoner
London, Crosby Lockwood & Son
1902
ID#: B1618.01
LOC: CHM


Crelle, A.L.
Calculating Tables Giving
the Products of Every 2 Numbers from 1 to 1000
Berlin
1923
New edition by O. Seeliger
Title page loose, signed by L.M.
MilneThomson. Contains a loose sheet "Royal Naval College Session 195556
Summer Examination Final Officers qualifying in gunnery mathematics".
A translation of Crelle's work
from 1907
ID#: B1624.01
LOC: CHM

Crelle was a self taught mathematician,
although he did obtain a Ph.D from the University of Heidelberg in 1816 for a
thesis he submitted on calculation. He is best known for founding the Journal
für die reine und angewandte Mathematik (better known as Crelle’s Journal)
in 1826 and editing 52 volumes. He was responsible for the creation of many new
roads in his position with the Prussian government. He was also responsible for
the construction of a rail line from Berlin to Potsdam. In 1828 he moved to the
Minsitry of Education and became an advisor on the teaching of mathematics.
This book is a very large multiplication
table that became one of the standard tables for calculation. It was reprinted
many times, the last being in 1954. It gives the products of all integers up to
1000 and can be used for multiplying and dividing much larger numbers. Two
additional tables give the square and cubes of the integers.


CubikTabelle (nach Maurach)
FoldOut Tables
ID#:
B1577.01
LOC: CHM 

Cullyer, John
The Gentleman's &
Farmer's Assistant
1839, 11th edition
ID#: B1602.01
LOC: CHM

Nothing is known about the author.
This ready reckoner was first published in
the late 1700s (2ed edition in 1798) and went through at least 12 editions
before 1848. It begins with a short description of how any irregularly shaped
piece of land may be subdivided into regular figures in order to establish the
area. The largest table gives the area of any rectangular piece of land from the
measurements of the sides (from 1 to 500 yards).


Culum, W.
Cullum's Calculator for
Jewelers etc.
1907 or later
ID#: B1597.01
LOC: CHM


Cutler, Ann and
McShane, Rudoph (translated and adapted by)
The Trachtenberg Speed
System of Basic Mathematics
ID#: B255.82
LOC:


Day, B.H.
Day's American Ready
Reckoner
New York
1866 (copyright)
ID#: B310.84
LOC: CHM

Little is known about the author.
The book
contains “tables for rapid calculations of agreegate values, wages, salaries,
board, interest money, timber, plank, board, wood, and land measures with
explanations of the proper methods of calculating them, and simple rules for
measuring land. These tables are wholly original and have been carefully revised
by an expert mathematician.”


de
Morin, H.
Les
Appareils d"Integration Integrateurs Simples et Composes
Paris,
1913
ID#:
B397.87
LOC: CHM 

Dessain, H.
Recherches sur La Telegraphie Electrique par Michel Gloesener
Imprimeur‑Libraire,
Liege, Belgium
1853,
Beautiful fold‑out plates of the
needle telegraph.
ID#: B163.81
LOC:


DiEtzgen, Eugene Co.
Catalogue and Price List
of Eugene Dietzgen Co. Manufactures of Drawing Materials and Surveying
Instruments
1912 or later (9th edition)
ID#: B268.83
LOC: CHM

Excellent
section on slide rules and calulators, pp 216‑236, and on planimeters,
integrators and integraphs, pp 500‑507. 

Dietzgen, Eugene Co.
Catalogue of Eugene
Dietzgen Co.
1928, 13th edition
ID#: B1583.01
LOC: CHM


Dodson, James
The Antilogarithmic Canon
London, 1742
(the first, and only for about
150 years, such table)
ID#: B1592.01
LOC: CHM

Dodson was an accountant and teacher of
mathematics who was elected FRS in 1755 and became master of the Royal Military
School, Christ’s Hospital the same year. Augustus DeMorgan was his
greatgrandchild and he indicates that his greataunt would not talk about
Dodson because she thought his job at the Royal Military School was a blight on
the family tree. He was refused entry to the Amicable Life Assurance Society
because he was over 45 upon application and this began his attempt to found his
own company, the Equitable Life Assurance Society, which was successful, but had
to be done by others the year after Dodson died.
This table of antilogarithms was the first
and remained the only such table in print until 1844. In the introduction he
reviews all the previous publications on logarithms up to the date of
publication. This was done by examining every item he could obtain, many of
which came from the library of his friend William Jones.
Two stories are known about the origin of
these tables. One has it that the table had actually been calculated about 1630
by Walter Werner and John Pell. According to the Dictionary of National
Biography, Pell wrote a letter in 1644 claiming that Werner had become
bankrupt and to have left the table to Dr. H. Throndike who, in turn, passed it
to Dr. Busby of Westminister. However, this version is not mentioned by Charles
Hutton (Mathematical Tables, 1785, pp.119121) who describes these tables
(calling Dodson “a very ingenious mathematician” and the tables “a very great
performance”) and even notes how they were calculated.


Dowsing, William
The Timber Merchant's
Builder's Companion
London, Crosby Lockwood
1876
ID#: B1606.01
LOC: CHM


ERA
High Speed Computing Devices
McGraw Hill
1950
Library stamp of Frank S.
Preston and signature of Gordon Bell
ID#: B1538.01
LOC: CHM

This work was the first real
textbook on computing and computer hardware. It was a pioneering work that
influenced both American and other computer developments. It provides the best
picture of the state of the industry in its infancy. The work was first written
as a report to the Office of Naval Research who were the main backers of
Engineering Research Associates, a group formed largely from World War II Naval
codebreaking people. It presents a discussion of the mechanical and electrical
(both analog and digital) devices which could be incorporated into computing
machines. Although it does not survey the computer projects then underway, it
does occasionally discuss individual machines in the context of integrating
devices into complete systems.
Engineering Research Associates
(ERA) later became a division of Sperry Rand.


Ernst, Wetli,
Hansen
Die Planimeter
Germany, 1853
Prof. Dr.
Bauernfeind
ID#: B1676.01
LOC: CHM 

FABERCASTELL
Instructions for Castell Precision Slide Rules
A. W. FaberCastell, Stein Near Nuremberg
ID#: B1012.98
LOC: CHM 

Farley, F.J.M.
Elements of Pulse
Circuits
London, Methoen & Co.
1958 2ed edition
signed by Gordon Bell inside
front cover
ID#: B1558.01
LOC: CHM


Farr, William
English Life Table
1864
ID#: B1570.01
LOC: CHM

Bookplate of the Janus
Foundation (Norman group in San Francisco). The only extensive publication of
table ever computed with the Scheutz difference engine.
Farr was born in humble
circumstances but he received patronage from two distinguished gentlemen who
left him enough money (and a library) to complete his education. In 1829 he
went to Paris to study medicine where he became interested in medical
statistics. In 1837 he wrote a number of articles on vital statistics for which
be became famous. H was an assistant commissioner for the 1851 British census
and a commissioner for the one if 1871. He was a prominent member of the
Statistical Society, serving as President in 1871 and 1872.
This volume is the only large
set of tables ever to be produced by the original Scheutz difference engines.
Babbage’s difference engine was never completed and the original Scheutz machine
went to the observatory at Albany, New York where it was little used. This, the
second commercial version of the Scheutz machine, was put to work calculating
tables for use in the developing life insurance industry. William Far, the
editor of these tables and author of the introduction, was president of the
Royal Statistical Society (Charles Babbage was one of its founders). This
professional association and the fact that Babbage was very interested in the
life insurance industry make it almost certain that he would have been an
advisor, if only unofficial, in the production of these tables.


Fisher, George (accomptant)
Arithmetic in the
Plainest and Most Concise Methods
London, Wilmington for Peter
Brynberg
Poor condition
ID#: B298.83 (Marked B225.83)
LOC: CHM

Nothing is known about the
author (who should not be confused with the astronomer of the same name) 

Flint, Abel
A System of Geometry and
Trigonometry with a Treatise on Surveying in which the Principles of Rectangular
Surveying without Plotting are Explained
Wm. Jas. Hamersley,
Hartford
1854
Leather binding
ID#: B226.82
LOC: CHM

Enlarged with additional tales
by George Gillet, New Edition, Revised containing a new rule for correcting
deviations of the compass by L. W. Meech.


Flint, Samuel
Arithmetic
Bugthorpe School, 1856
Simple Interest
Examples, all beautifully done in original
calligraphy.
ID#:
B1677.01
LOC: CHM 

Fowle, F.E.
Smithsonian Physical
Tables
Smithsonian
1944, 5th edition
Vol 58, #1 Smithsonian Misc.
collections
ID#: B1567.01
LOC: CHM


FRAMBOTTO, PAOLO
Le Operazioni del Compasso Geometrico
et Militare di Galileo Galilei
Padova, 1649, Italy
80 pp.,
folding engraved plate of the sector and many text woodcut illustrations. Hard
vellum binding, 3rd Edition.
ID#:
B335.85
LOC: CHM

Galileo
seems to have invented his “compasso geometrico” also called compass of
proportion or sector about 1597 and disclosed it about 1598. The first edition
of this, his first book, was published in 1606 with less than 60 copies issued.
it was reprinted in 1619. A second, improved edition was issued in 1640 by the
same publisher of the third. 

Gardner, Martin
Logic Machines and Diagrams
McGraw
Hill Book Company, Inc. New York
1958
ID#:
B254.82
LOC:
CHM

Contents
include: The Ars Magna of Ramon Lull, Logic Diagrams, A Network Diagram for
Propositional Calculus, The Stanhope Demonstrator, Jevons Logic Machine,
Marquand’s Machine, Window Cards, Electrical Lobic Machines, The Future of Logic
Machines. 

Geddes, keith
Guglielmo Marconi 18741937
Science
Museum, United Kingdom
1979
ID#: B1676.01
LOC:
CHM


Good, J.
Measuring Made Easy (Coggeshall's
Sliding Rule)
London, W. Mount
1744
ID#: B280.83
LOC: CHM

This work, the first edition of
which was in 1719, describes Coggeshall’s sliding rule and illustrates its use
for various trades, usually involving lumber, stone etc. The book, like many
others on this topic, does not illustrate the sliding rule. 

Gregson, A.W.
The Complete Chest
Squarer or Chest Makers’ Ready Reckoner
Manchester, J. Aston
c 1840 (1st or 2ed edition,
third was in 1859)
disbound
ID#: B1542.01
LOC: CHM


Gunter, Edmund
The Description and Use
of the Sector
1624
Spine loose, top edge cropped,
otherwise good
ID#: B274.83
LOC: CHM

Edmund Gunter was born in
Hertfordshire in 1581 and died in London on December 10, 1626. When he was 18 he
enrolled in Christ Church College Oxford and took degrees in both arts and
mathematics. He started a degree in divinity in 1614 but left this calling to
take the position as the third professor of astronomy at Gresham College,
London, in 1619. By this time his mathematical skills were so well known that he
was elected to the position only two days after the resignation of his
predecessor.
He was one the leaders in the
movement to simplify computation by creating instruments for all the basic
astronomical and navigational needs of the day. It was his contacts with another
professor at Gresham College, Henry Briggs, that introduced him to logarithms.
He was one of the first to inscribe a logarithmic scale onto a piece of wood
(known as Gunter’s line of numbers) so that multiplication and division could be
performed by means of measuring with dividers. He is also credited with the
invention of the surveyor’s chain (sometimes known as “Gunter’s chain”), a form
of the quadrant known as Gunter’s Quadrant, and the surveyor’s table.
This volume is Gunter’s third
publication. The previous two were his table of the logarithms of tangents (the
first ever published) and a description of a major set of sundials he had
produced for the royal family in Whitehall gardens. This latter volume was his
only publication that was not republished many times—some long after his death.
While he is often credited with
the invention of the sector (see, for example, John Ward, The lives of
the professors of Gresham college
), there is no doubt that both Galileo, in Italy, and Thomas Hood, in London,
had published on it previously—indeed it was Hood that coined the term “sector”
for this instrument. Some time around 1606 he discovered the existence of the
sector and wrote a description of it in Latin. This was never published, but was
known to many from hand made copies. In this published version, at the end of
his description of the sector, Gunter states that this work is simply a
translation of his earlier Latin manuscript version
“…partly to satisfy their
importunity, who not understanding the Latin, yet were at the charge to buy the
instrument”.
It is reasonable to assume that
Gunter learned of the device either while a student at the Westminster School
(Hood was living, and occasionally giving public lectures, in London at the
time) or while a student at Oxford. In none of his publications does he ever
credit anyone else with the invention (he does however acknowledge being
familiar with the works of “Dr. Hood” during his description of the CrossStaff
later in this volume).
Although not inventing the
device, it is certainly the case that Gunter was the person most responsible for
its popularity in England. His clear explanations were usually oriented towards
very practical problems in mathematics, dialing, astronomy, and navigation. In
addition, the sectors he describes were very well designed with the scales much
more clearly marked and capable of precise usage than many others of that era.
The basic design of scales on Gunter’s sector (often referred to as an English
sector) was to remain until the instrument ceased to be included in the usual
box of mathematical instruments about the beginning of the 20^{th}
century. It is understandable why this book was so often reprinted. Not only
does it deal with realistic problems but often includes several different ways
of approaching the problem, either with the sector or by the inclusion of
various tables. In the section dealing with the crossstaff, he mentions (p.61)
“my tables of artificiall sines and tangents” (logarithms of sines and tangents)
but they are not included in this edition. Later editions of this work (e.g.,
1636) include these tables.
While the sectors produced on
the continent of Europe were often very decorative the Gunter sector was
utilitarian. The continental sectors usually had each scale represented as a
single line with major divisions numbered and minor divisions represented by
small “pin pricks”. Gunter’s experience with mathematical and astronomical
instruments led him to produce the scales with minor divisions clearly marked by
lines in such a way that there could be no doubt as to the value being measured.
This work is actually composed
of two independent works. The first, on the sector, and the second, on the
crossstaff, are both divided into three “bookes.” The sector is first
explained, then sections are devoted to each of the lines and the problems that
are solved by them. The second work details the crossstaff and the lines that
he inscribed upon it. These were often very similar to the singleline scales
found on his sector, and also included a scale of logarithms (which became known
as Gunter’s line of numbers) and two scales of logarithmic sines and tangents.
This part of the book contains the description of a few other instruments,
almost as after thoughts. The last of them was a small quadrant, marked with
calendrical and astrolabic scales, which later became famous as “Gunter’s
quadrant.”
All of these instruments are
shown in use on the title page. This particular engraving was used for many of
the reprints of Gunter’s work, the central title being changed and various
inscriptions being added to the shield at the base.


Gupta, Hansraj
Tables of Partitions (of
Integers)
Madras, Indian Math. Society
1939
slip inside asking
MilneThomson to review it
ID#: B1575.01
LOC: CHM


HARRIS, CHARLES O.
Slide Rule Simplified
American Technical Society
1943
ID#: B1673.01
LOC: CHM


Hart, Walter
Book of Instructions for the
Equationor or Universal Calculator
Published by the Equationor Co.
New York, 1892.
ID#: B1679.01 (Marked
B398.87,
crossed off, and
remarked B305.87).
LOC: CHM 

Hartree, Douglas R.,
Plummer Professor of Mathematical Physics, University of Cambridge
Calculating Instruments and Machines
The
University of Illinois Press, Urbana
1949
Cloth
cover, 68 illustrations
ID#:
B261.83
LOC: CHM

The first
chapters are devoted to differential analyzers which were still being used and
developed for computational needs. The last chapters discuss digital calculators
starting with Babbage’s analytical engine and including extensive discussions of
ENIAC and the Harvard Mark I. 

Harvard
Annals of the Computation
Laboratory of Harvard Vol XVIII: Tables of Generalized Sine and Cosine Integral
Functions Part I and Part II
1949
ID#: B1665.01
LOC: CHM

Howard H. Aiken, a professor at
Harvard, wanted to create a calculating machine to help with problems in his
research area, atomic physics. After several unsuccessful attempts, he managed
to interest Thomas J. Watson Sr., President of IBM, in the project. Watson
viewed the project as one that showcased the engineering skill of IBM rather
than any potential product development. Work began on the machine at IBM’s
Endicott factory in 1939. The design called for creating the machine from the
standard components of IBM’s mechanical accounting equipment, but several items
had to be specially created for this project. When the machine was working at
IBM in January of 1943 (it was moved to Harvard, in May of 1944), it was 50 feet
long, contained 500 miles of wire, and 750,000 individual components. It could
store 72 numbers, each of 24 digits plus sign and had a set of 60 constant
registers set by rotating switches. The machine was controlled by a punched
paper tape reader which could read and execute instructions at the rate of 3
additive operations per second (multiplicative and other operations took
longer). Multiplication and division were done by a special unit which was
essentially a set of Napier’s bones implemented in relay technology. The machine
was known as the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator, or Mark I for short.
It was the second automatically controlled calculating device ever
constructed—the first being the Z3 created by Konrad Zuse in 1941. The
Mark I was, by far, the largest and most influential of these two machines.
This volume, the 18th in a
series of reports from the Harvard Computational Laboratory the 41st and last of
which appeared in 1967, is typical of the tables produced on the Harvard mark I.


Haviland, James
The Improved Practical
Measurer (Ready Reckoner)
London
1817
Hinges cracked
ID#: B1595.01
LOC: CHM


Hawkins, N.
Hand Book of Calculations
for Engineers and Firemen Relating to the Steam Engine, the Steam Boiler, Pumps,
Shafting, etc
Theodore Audel & Co.
1898
ID#: B225.82
LOC: CHM


Hayashi, Keiichi
Taflen der Besselschen
Berlin, Verlag von Julius
Springer
1930
Signature of L.M. MilneThomson
ID#: B1571.01
LOC: CHM


Hoare, Charles
The Slide Rule
London, Crosby Lockwood & Son
1896
With cardboard slide rule in a
pocket inside the front cover
ID#: B47.79
LOC: CHM

Nothing is known about the author.
An introduction to the use of
the slide rule with a cardboard slide rule in a pocket glued to the inside of
the front cover. While better than nothing, the sample slide rule had two
independent slides held in place by thread and would have been difficult, if not
impossible, to use with any accuracy.


Hodgman, Charles D., M.S., Editor in Chief
Handbook of Chemistry and Physics
A
readyreference book of chemical and physical data.
31st
edition.
Chemical
Rubber Publishing Co.
1949
Gordon
Bell signature.
ID#:
B28.79
LOC: CHM 

Hollerith, Herman
Complete Specification
Improvements in the methods of and apparatus for compiling statistics, patent
application, 1889, Folio, 7 pages and 5 plates on 3 sheets; disbound in a cloth
folding case, Buy, Pickering and Chatto.
ID#:
B332.85
LOC: CHM

The
original patent specification, and thus the first printed account, of the
Hollerith electric tabulating machine. 

Hormusjee, Dorabjee
The Oriental Calculator
or Tables for the Calculation of Interest, Exchange & Commission
India
1860, 3ed edition
ID#: B177.81 (also marked
B1015.98)
LOC: CHM

Part I contains Interest Tables in Rupees, Dollars, and Sterling from one‑half
to 12 per cent per annum. Part Ii contains tables for the conversion of rupees,
into sterling and dollars; and sterling into dollars. Part III contains
commission or Inland Exchange Tables; Key showing indirect exchange between
England, India and China; Tables shoing the comparative rates of exchange for
sight bills, and tables showing the estimated value of one pound of cotton with
all charges and varying exchange rates.
In the
preface to the third edition the author states, “The rapid sale of the previous
Editions of the “Oriental Calculator” and the pressing demand for it, are
evident proofs of the utility of this work in mercantile circles; and the
production of the Third Edition is the result of the liberal patronage and
support the author has been favored with.”


Horton, Richard
Table Showing the
Solidity of Hewn or EightSided Timber
London, J. Weale & co
1863
ID#: B1563.01
LOC: CHM


Howard, C. Frusher
Howard’s AngloAmerican
Art of Reckoning
John Menzes
1888
good condition
ID#: B1565.01
LOC: CHM


Hudson, R.
The Land Valuer’s Assistant (Ready Reckoner)
London, C. Cradock & W. Joy
1811
good condition
ID#: B1541.01
LOC: CHM


Hülsse, J.A.
Sammlung Mathematischer Tafelin von Gorgs Freiherrn von
Vega
Berlin
1865
ID#: B1596.01
LOC: CHM


Huntington, E.V.
Four Place Tables
Cambridge MA, Harvard
Cooperative Society
c 1910 or later
Signed Edmund Callis Berkeley
on the front cover
ID#: B1548.01
LOC: CHM


Hurst, John Thomas
A Handbook of Formulae,
Tables and Memoranda for Architectural Surveyors
London, E.&F.N. Spon
15th Edition
1905
ID#: B1610.01
LOC: CHM


Hurst, John Thomas
A Handbook of Formulae
Tables and Memoranda
London, E.&F. Spon
Disbound
1865
ID#: B1535.01
LOC: CHM


Hutton, Charles
Mathematical Tables
1801, 3ed edition
Contains the "large and
original history of tables"
Disbound with front cover loose
ID#: B1600.01
LOC: CHM

Hutton, born in
NewcastleuponTyne, was the son of working class parents. Although he had some
schooling he taught himself mathematics and eventually became a teacher in
Newcastle. In 1773 he was appointed professor of mathematics at the Royal
Military Academy in Woolwich, a position he held for the next 34 years. He was
elected to the Royal Society in 1774 and later served as its foreign secretary.
He edited many different journals, including the Philosophical Transactions, and
was also a regular contributor of papers and commentary to many others. While
not an original mathematician, he is well known as an author of background
material and textbooks. Many of his works, particularly his Dictionary and the
introduction to his Tables are still considered useful historical references
today.
Hutton’s tables were among the
most popular of his day. They were often reprinted and were the start, at least
from the fourth edition on, of experiments with different table layouts and
typefaces that eventually were taken up by Charles Babbage (Table of
logarithms). It is interesting to compare the layout of these tables with those
published later (such as Babbage’s) to see how much improvement can be made by
simple typographic changes. The main interest in this edition is the 121 page
essay on the history of such tables. It is the starting point for all histories
of the subject. The essay was, unfortunately, omitted from later editions of the
tables. The historical essay is followed by a very good description of the use
of the tables in arithmetic and plane and spherical trigonometry—as might be
expected from someone who spent their whole life as a teacher of the subject.


Hutton, Charles
Tables of the Products &
Powers of Numbers
London
1781
Loose sheets bound together in
1847 (noted by Comrie). Comrie Reference Library bookplate with portrait of L.J.
Comrie
ID#: B2.76
LOC: CHM

Compiled in 1781 by Charles
Hutton, this is an early book of mathematical tables containing the products of
the numbers 1 through 1000 by the numbers 1 through 100. It also contains
squares and cubes of numbers and conversion tables for units of measurement.
One of the main problems with
handcrafted books is the number of errors. On one page alone, every figure is
off by one thousand. With handcrafted calculating and typesetting such problems
are unavoidable. Later books of tables were done by the Difference Machine and
proved more reliable.


Jacob, Louis F. G.
Le Calcul Mécanique
Paris, Octave Doin et Fils
1911
ID#: B327.84
LOC: CHM

Jacob was an expert in naval gunnery and
director of the French naval laboratory—both jobs would have involved him
in computation.
As the 20^{th} century
got under way, an increasing need for both business and scientific calculation
created an demand for information on the devices available to satisfy the need.
In Britain that need was satisfied by the publication of the Napier Handbook
(Horsburgh, Handbook of the exhibition, 1914) and in Germany by works
of Ernst Martin (Martin, Die rechenmaschinen, 1925). This volume
is the equivalent French work. It discusses all forms of calculating machines
from the time of Pascal on. Many diagrams explain the inner workings of the
machines and analog instruments. The work is a good reference in that, like
Die rechenmaschinen of Ernst Martin, it treats not only the standard
commercial machines such as Brunsvigas etc, but also the lesser known machines
developed by Babbage, Kelvin, Torres, Weiberg, Tchebichef, etc.
It represents a ‘state of the art’ just
prior to the First World War.
This was part of a series of individual
publications forming the Encyclopédie Scientifique. Various sections of
the project were under the direction of experts in the field and this volume
appeared in the applied mathematics section directed by Maurice d’Ocagne.
D’Ocagne was himself an expert in methods of calculation.


Jacobi,
C.G.J.
Canon Arithmeticus Sive Tabulae Quibus Exhibenture pro Singulis Numeris Primis
1839
ID#:
B1678.01 (Marked B350.81)
LOC: CHM 

Jarvis, Thomas
The Farmer's Harvest
Companion and Country Gentleman's Assistant (Ready Reckoner)
London
1836 9th edition
ID#: B1553.01
LOC: CHM


Jarvis, Thomas
The Farmer's Harvest
Companion and Country Gentleman's Assistant (Ready Reckoner)
London
1841 10th edition
ID#: B1013.98
LOC: CHM


Jevons, W. Stanley
The Principles of
Science: a Treatise on Logic...
London, Macmillan
1883 (second or third edition)
Jevon's piano logic machine
illustrated in the frontispiece
ID#: B331.85
LOC: CHM

Jevons, the ninth of eleven
children, showed unusual abilities while an undergraduate at University College
London. While only 18, and still an undergraduate, he was recommended for the
job of assayer at the new Australian mint. After five years in Australia, he
returned to England to take up his studies in economics, philosophy, and
mathematics. Although he obtained an academic position in Liverpool, he was a
poor lecturer and left for an appointment at University College in London which
would require less public speaking. Four years later he resigned to spend his
time writing. He was plagued by ill health and when only 46 years old, drowned,
likely because of having a seizure, while swimming in the ocean. Economics and
logic were association in English universities and, while he made significant
contributions to the early study of economics, he is known for his texts in
logic and for the invention of a machine used to demonstrate logical principles
to his students.
This is Jevons’ major work. It
contains all his contributions to the development of logic set in a discussion
of the philosophy of science. He insisted that absolute certainly of observation
is impossible for a human and thus all logical deductions from laboratory
experiments must be considered true only with a certain probability. He was one
of the early explorers of subjects such as methodology of measurement and the
errors it contains. He takes his illustrations from the physical sciences and,
occasionally, from mathematics. At the time, he was criticized for not including
any discussion of the biological sciences. The frontispiece is an illustration
of his logical piano.


Jordan, Chas
Tabulated Weights of
Angle, Tee and Bulb Iron and Steel
E& F. Spon
1918 7th edition
Ready reckoner with different
colored papers
ID#: B1022.98
LOC: CHM


Kavan, George
Factor Tables of All
Numbers up to 256,000
London, Macmillan & Co.
1937
Kavan was "late director of the
astrophysical observatory Stara Dala, Czeckoslovakia"
ID#: B1661.01
LOC: CHM


Kelly, William
The Royal Irish Constabulary
Ready Reckoner (for Pay)
Dublin
1909 (printed as 1897 but 1909
marked in pen)
ID#: B1614.01
LOC: CHM


Kentish, Thomas
A Treatise on a Box of
Instruments and the Slide Rule
Philadelphia, Henry Carey Baird
1864 (late edition)
228pp
ID#: B159.81 (Marked B1002.98)
LOC: CHM

This is a text on the use of a
box of instruments (containing compass, parallel ruler, protractor, plane scale,
and sector), and a slide rule. The elementary examples are drawn from geometry
but the last section describes the use of these devices in sailing and
navigation. 

Keuffel & Esser Co.
Catalogue, 36th Edition
1921?
ID#: B269.83
LOC: CHM

Keuffel & Esser were an old
American company that supplied mathematical instruments. They began
manufacturing slide rules in the late 1800s although they were importing them
earlier. This catalogue lists their complete stock, which was one of the most
complete in the industry. At this time their stock of different types of slide
rules alone took 16 pages. An engraving of their general office and factory in
Hoboken, N.J., as well as a photographic montage of their various branch offices
precedes the catalogue proper. 

Keuffel & Esser Co.
Price List of Catalogue
38th
Edition
ID#:
B1674.01
LOC: CHM 

Keuffel & Esser Co.
Catalog, 41st Edition
Gordon
Bell signature.
ID#:
B1672.01
LOC: CHM 

Kojima, Takashi
The Japanese Abacus, its
use and Theory
Charles E. Tuttle Co.,
Publishers
ID#: B256.82
LOC:


La Lande, Jerome
Tables de Logarithms
1805 (1815 printing)
Reprint of the 1760 tables of Calle & La Lande
Spine damaged, poor condition
ID#: B1651.01
LOC: CHM


Larcanger, Charles
Concordance des Poids
Décimaux avec les Poids de Marc
Paris (?) by Cartier for the
author
1802
A ready reckoner for converting
from the old French systems to the newly introduced metric system.
ID#: B1562.01
LOC: CHM


Larcanger, Charles
Corcordance des Poids
Decimaux avec le Poids de Marc
Paris
1836, 2ed edition
A table of the new metric
weights and how they relate to the old French system
ID#: ??
LOC: CHM


Laundy, Samuel lin
Table of QuarterSquares
London, Charles & Edwin Layton
1856
Used like logarithms for
multiplication. Signature of L.M. MilneThomson, Nov XXVII inside front cover
ID#: B1009.98
LOC: CHM

Multiplication may be done by
means of a table of quarter squares i.e.,
p x q = (p + q)^{2}/4 –
(p – q)^{2}/4.
For example: (25 x 15) =
(25+15)^{2}/4 – (2515)^{2}/4 = 40^{2}/4 – 10^{2}/4
= 400 – 25 = 375.


Lawes, Sir J. B.
Tables for Estimating
Dead Weight & Value of Cattle From Live Weight
For the author
N/d/
ID#: B1603.01
LOC: CHM


Lewis, William
The Tinman’s Companion
(Ready Reckoner)
Bristol, 1876
ID#: B1556.01
LOC: CHM


Leybourn, William
Panarithmologia Orthe Sure
Traders Guide
1769 15th edition
An edition of the first English
ready reckoner – first used after the fire of London to rebuild
ID#: B1024.98
LOC: CHM

Leybourn was one of the most
influential mathematicians/surveyors in London at the time. He first worked with
his brother Robert as a printer, but eventually gave up that trade to devote
himself to the practice and teaching of mathematics. The change of profession
was gradual and this can be noted from examining the names of the publishers in
his various works—some being printed by William and his brother and others by
his brother alone. He was involved with the publishing of many different
mathematical works—his own as well as editing others. He wrote on astronomy,
surveying, arithmetic, logarithms and Gunter’s line of numbers, Napier’s bones,
and recreational mathematics, many of these are represented in this collection.
He later published a large volume (Cursus Mathematicus) in which he essentially
summarized the work in his other publications. He was well enough known that,
after the Great Fire of London in 1666, he was among the surveyors used before
the reconstruction began.
This ready reckoner first
appeared in 1693 and went through many editions, some containing a few more
tables, and some less.


Livesley, R.K.
An Introduction to
Automatic Digital Computers
Cambridge University Press
1957
ID#: B1532.01
LOC: CHM


Macneil, John (later
Sir John Benjamin)
Tables for Calculating
the Cubic Quantity of Earth Work
London, Roake & Varty
1833, 1st edition
Good condition
ID#: B368.86
LOC: CHM

The author was, at this stage,
the principle assistant to Telford and this work is dedicated to Telford. The
preface refers to Babbage’s paper and print experiments on tables as follows:
“The tables were nearly worked off before I was aware of Mr. Babbage’s valuable
investigation as to the best tint of paper, and form of type for insuring
distinctiveness in tabular printing. Had I been aware of it I should certainly
have availed myself of his important suggestions” 

Mathews, Max V.
The
Technology of Computer Music
MIT Press
1969
ID#:
B1033.98
LOC: CHM 

Mculloch, Neil
The Land Measurer's Ready
Reckoner
Glasgow, Blackie & Son
1858
Dedicated to James Thomson, a
professor of mathematics at Glasgow University
ID#: B1612.01
LOC: CHM


Milne William J.
(President of the N.Y. State Normal College in Albany)
Standard Arithmetic
American Book Co.
After 1895 – 1923 noted inside
front cover
Poor condition
ID#: B1557.01
LOC: CHM


MilneThomson, L.M.
and Comrie, L.J.
Standard FourFigure
Mathematical Tables
London, Macmillan & Co.
1931, Edition B, pp. 245
ID#: B1661.01
LOC: CHM


MIT,
office of scientific research and development, national defense research
committee, louis ridenour, editor in chief
Vacuum Tube Amplifiers
1948
ID#
B1673.01
LOC: CHM 

Molesworth, Sir
Guilford L.
Pocket‑Book of Useful Formulae & Memoranda for Civil and Mechanical Engineers
E. & F. N.
Spon, Strand. London
ID#:
B191.81
LOC:

Originally
compiled in 1862, this is the 22nd edition of a truly pocket‑sized book of
formula. Although there is no table of contents, a very thorough index is
provided for the 732 pages of tables. 

Monier, A.
Conversiond es Prix et
Measures Francais en Prix et Measure Anglain
ID#: B1615.01
LOC: CHM


Moule, Henry
A Table of Interest
(Ready Reckoner)
London
1809
ID#: B1608.01
LOC: CHM


Murphy, Donald E. and
Khillie, Stephen H.
Introduction to Data
Communication
Digital Equipment Corporation
1968
signed by Gordon Bell with his
notes inside
ID#: B1547.01
LOC: CHM


Nagaoke, Hantaro and
Sakurai, Sadazo
Tables of ThetaFunctions
Tokyo, Vol II pp. 167
Scientific Papers of the Institute of Physical & Chemical Research Table # 1
1922, December
Signature of L.M. MilneThomson
ID#: B1569.01
LOC: CHM


Napier, John
Logarithmorum Canonis
Descriptio
London
1620 (3ed edition)
Stiff velum binding, good
condition
ID#: B210.82
LOC: CHM

This is one of the most
influential books ever published. It introduced the world to logarithms that
were the principle behind most of the methods of computation prior to the
invention of the electronic computer. They are also fundamental in the theory
behind many mathematical systems.
This book contains 57 pages of
text explaining the uses of logarithms in both plane and spherical trigonometry
and 90 pages of tables. The method of producing the table was not described,
but Napier indicated that, should this work be suitably received, he would
publish another (the Constructio) on how they were calculated. He died
before the Constructio was finished, but his son, Robert Napier, saw it
through production.
These logarithms are not the
hyperbolic or Naperian logarithms (to the base e = 2.71828…) that we know
today. First, these were not logarithms of numbers but logarithms of
trigonometric sines. The base is, for all practical purposes, 1/e, although
Napier did not create them by any consideration of a base. The tables are
constructed to a radius of 10^{7} (see the essay on the sector for an
explanation of how old trigonometric forms depended on the radius of the
defining circle) with
sin(90º) = 10,000,000
sin(0º) = 0.
logarithm of sin(90º) = 0
logarithm of sin(0º) = ∞
The tables are laid out so that
each double page contains the values for one degree. The 61 lines on the double
page are for every minute of that degree. Each line contains 5 entries: the
right most two giving the natural sine and its logarithm, the leftmost two
giving the cosine and its logarithm, and the middle entry giving the difference
between the two logarithms which is actually the logarithm of the tangent of the
angle. Because the sine and cosine are complementary, it is possible to
consider the right most two columns as the sine of the complementary angle and
this is facilitated by having that angle printed prominently at the bottom of
the page. The tables only go up to 45º because the last part of the quadrant
(45º to 90º) can be done by using the complementary columns.


Napier, John
Logorithmorum Canonis
Constructio
London (Lugdvni, Apud
Bartholomaeum Vincentium sub Signo Victoriae)
1620
2ed edition, but the first with
the notes by Henry Briggs (Lucubrationes Aliquot Doctissimi D. Henrici Briggii,
pp4262 notes on logs, spherical triangles, and triangles)
ID#: ??
LOC: CHM


Napier, John
Rabdologiae
Edinburgh
1617
ID#: B222.82
LOC: CHM

John Napier was a Scottish
laird (a wealthy landowner) who, when time permitted from his daily work of
running his estates, took time to take part in the Protestant reform movement
and to study mathematics. He is best known toady for his developments of
logarithms but in his own time he was best known for his religious
commentaries. After he had published his logarithms, he published this small
work on his Rabdologiae or, as they are better known, Napier’s bones. The
devices were simple to use and quickly gained popularity. This work went
through many different editions and was translated into all major European
languages. Examples of Napier’s bones can be found, only a few years later, in
such far away places as China and Japan. The basic concept of the bones was
rapidly developed into a variety of forms from inscribed circles and cylinders,
to metallic components in 20th century calculating machines.
This work contains not only the
description of the bones, but also Napier’s more sophisticated Multiplicationis
promptario and his binarybased chessboard calculation scheme.


Newton, John
Trigonometria Britanica and A Table of Logarithms to 100,000 with Artifical
Sines and Tangents
1658
Printed by R
& W Leybourn
ID#:
B273.82 (Same as B160.81?)
LOC: CHM

Folio,
contemporary blindruled calf, rebacked. First edition of John Newton’s valuable
treatise on trigonometry dedicated to Lord Richard Cromwell. 

Nystrom, J.W.
A Treatise on Screw
Propellers and Their Steam Engines
Philadelphia
1852
pp 179225 describes a
calculating machine (a circular disk with 2 movable arms – looks more like an
astrolabe than a circular slide rule)
ID#: B275.83
LOC: CHM

Plate
XXXII has a drawing of Nystrom’s calculating machine that he said was exhibited
at the Franklin Institute Exhibition in 1849. Pages 179‑229 give a complete
description of the calculator. 

d’Ocagne, Maurice
Traité de Nomographie
Paris, 1899
Good condition
ID#: B1539.01
LOC: CHM

Maurice d’Ocagne was a student
at the École Polytechnique and then became a professor of civil engineering at
the École des Ponts et Chaussées. In 1912 he returned to the École
Polytechnique as professor of geometry. Although best know for his work on
nomography, he was interested in all aids to calculation. He was also
interested in the history of science and published several articles on the
subject.
D’Ocagne, already well known
for his work on nomograms, finally published this work which made him famous.
It not only explores the world of nomograms but also discusses the whole subject
of how to create various types of transformations to make them both easy to
create and easy to use.


D’Ocagne,
LieutenantColonel
Principes Usuels de
Nomographie avec
Application a Divers Problemes
Concernant L’artillerie et L’Aviation
Paris, 1920.
ID#: B390.87 (marked
B393.87, then B390.87
marked over it)
LOC: CHM 

D'Ocagne, Maurice
Nomographie Les Calculs Usuels Effectues
au Moyen Des Abaques
Paris, 1891
ID#: B391.87 (marked
B394.87 then B391.87
marked over it)
LOC: CHM 

Oughtred, William
Trigonometria Hoc est Modes
Computandi Triangularum
London, R & L.W. Leybourn
1657
Mainly tables
ID#: B1010.98
LOC: CHM

William Oughtred was a
clergyman and one of the leading mathematicians of his age. He regularly
corresponded with all the major mathematical figures of his day and was
responsible for the communication of many mathematical findings. He is best
known for his invention of the circular slide rule. While a prolific
correspondent, he was not given to publishing his own work but readily made his
manuscripts available to his students and friends. The subject matter here is
the solution of triangles, both plane and spherical, by using the included
tables of sines, tangents, secants, log sines, log tangents, and base 10
logarithms of the integers. This work was likely written about 1618 and it is
certainly mentioned in correspondence in 1634. This reluctance to publish
explains why Richard Stokes and Arthur Haughton were the editors of the work.
It was in this book that
Oughtred introduced the abbreviations sin and tan although they
were not immediately adopted and it waited another hundred years before Euler
popularized them. Oughtred also was a major contributor to the adoption of a
number of algebraic symbols that we still use today.
The trigonometric and
logarithmic tables were intended to be to 8 decimal places and Stokes mentions
in the dedication that when the size of the book was changed it resulted in the
tables being unintentionally reduced to 7 decimal digits. The tables are
notable in that each degree of the quadrant is divided into 100 centiminutes,
rather than the usual 60.


Ozanam, M.
Tables des Sinus,
Tangents et Secantes et les Logarithmes des Sinus et des Tangents
Paris
1766
ID#: B1584.01
LOC: CHM


Ozanam, M.
Usage du Compass de
Propostion
1769 6th edition
ID#: B336.85 (also marked B1018.98)
LOC: CHM

Jacques Ozanam was destined for
the clergy but was much more interested in sciences. After his father died he
gave up studying theology and taught himself mathematics. He gave free
mathematical lectures in Lyon until financial circumstances forced him to begin
charging for his services. He later moved to Paris where he became well known
for his mathematical writings. Although he made a good living at his profession,
gambling and the good life caused him to be in constant financial problems.
Later in life, political unrest in Europe caused many of his students to leave
and his financial situation worsened. After the death of his wife in 1701 he
apparently lost interest in many things and led a melancholy life until his
death in 1717 (some sources indicate it was 1718). He was not an original
mathematician but wrote on subjects that would provide an income for his family.
By the time he decided to write
on the sector, it was a well known instrument and had been developed into many
different forms. The text is a description of a simple sector with only a few
scales (line of lines, polygons, planes, solids, and chords) but it would have
sufficed for most of the problems encountered by his readers. In this and all
subsequent editions the last half of the book is devoted to “the division of
fields.” Despite the practical name, it is really an elementary discussion of
various geometrical problems.


Page, James
The Fractional Calculator
or a New Ready Reckoner
c. 1855 3ed edition
ID#: B1552.01
LOC: CHM


PASCAL, BLAISE
Auvergnat La Famille a
L'Oeuvre
Musees D'Art de ClermontFerrand
6 Octobre  8 Novembre 1981
ID#: B258.82
LOC: CHM


Pearson, Karl
Tables of the Incomplete
Beta Function
Cambridge University Press
1968
Signature of Gordon Bell
ID#: B1662.01
LOC: CHM


Pedder, James
The Farmer's Land
Measurer
Philadelphia
1842
Preserved in Honeymanlike
morocco box (red) but no Honeyman label
Inscribed "Bonaparte" (but
likely some kid doing it)
ID#: B1598.01
LOC: CHM


Peddie, Alexander
The Practical Measurer or
Tradesman and Wood Merchants Assistant
Glasgow, Khull, Blackie
1824
(no front cover)
ID#: B1578.01
LOC: CHM


Peddie, Alexander
The Practical Measurer
(Ready Reckoner)
London
1865
Has frontispiece showing how by
proper measurement you can get more timber out of a log than would be indicated
by a single measurement
ID#: B1650.01
LOC: CHM


Peters, J.
New Calculating Tables
for Multiplication and Division for All Numbers for 1 to 4 Places
Berlin
1919
Signed by L.M. MilneThomson
ID#: B1591.01
LOC: CHM


Petrick, C.L.
MultiplicantionsTabllen Geprüft mit der
Thomas'schen Rechenmaschine
(title in German, Russiand, and
French)
Libau
1875
ID#: B1587.01
LOC: CHM


Peurbach,
Georg
Tractatus Georgii Peurbachii
Super Propositiones Ptolemaei de Sinibus & Chordis.
1468 ‑
1501, First edition
Folio,
1‑G4‑Gr blank, small tear in E3 affecting a few figures, repaired in margin,
minor waterstain, mostly marginal; a large crisp copy in antique style
blindstamped calf
ID#:
B333.85
LOC: CHM

The first
printed trigonometrical tables. They were computed by Regiomontanus during his
stay in Hungary in 1468. He had first computed a sexagesimal sine table and then
realised the advantage of a decimal base and computed a decimal sine table; both
tables are printed here. The tables are preceeded by Regiomontaus’ essay on the
construction of since tables and an essay on the computation of sines and chords
by Peurbach. The work was edited bythe astronomer Johann Schoner (Adams P 2283,
Zinner 1781). 

Peyronnet, Don Juan
Bautista (translator) (lalande)
Tablas de Logarithmos Para los
Numeros y Senos poy Gerouimo Lalaude
Madrid
1842
ID#: B1555.01
LOC: CHM


Pickworth, Charles
Instructions for the Use
of A.W. Faber's Improved Calculating Rule (Slide Rule)
Newark, N.J., A.W. Faber
c. 1900
ID#: ??
LOC: CHM


Pinto, J. Carlos
The Simplex Navigation
and Avigation Tables
Fayal, Azores
1933
presentation copy by the author
ID#: B1622.01
LOC: CHM


Poletti, L.
Elenco di Numeri Primi
fra 10 Milioni e 500 Milioni Estratti da Sirie Quadaatiche
Rome
1931
ID#: B1550.01
LOC: CHM


Prescott, George B.
History, Theory, and Practice of the Electric Telegraph
Ticknor
and Fields, Boston
1864,
Well‑illustrated, good condition
ID#:
B162.81
LOC: CHM

Contents:
1. Electrical Manifestations; 2. Propagation of Electricity; 3. Magnetism; 4.
General Principles of the Electric Telegraph. 5. The Morse System. 6. The Needle
System; 7. House’s Printing Telegraph; 8. Bain’s Electro‑chemical Telegraph; 9.
The Hughes System; 10. The American Printing Telegraph; 11. Horne’s
Electro‑thermal Telegraph; 12. The Dial Telegraphs; 13. Subterranean and
Submarine Lines; 14. The Atlantic Cable; 15. Progress of the Electric Telegraph;
16. Various Applications of the Electric Telegraph; 17. Construction of
Telegraph Lines; 18. Atmospheric Electricity; 19. Terrestrial Magnetism; 20.
Miscellaneous Matters; 21. Early Discoveries in Electro‑dynamics; 22.
Galvanism. Index. 

Radar electronic
fundamentals
NAVSHIPS 900,016 Bureau of
ships
ID#: B1534.01
LOC: CHM


Railroad telegraph
magazines
2
ID#: B58.80
LOC:


Rivard, M.,
Professeur de Philosophie en L’Universite de Paris
Trignometrie Rectiligne et Spherizue avec la Construcion des Tables des Sinus,
des Tangentes, des Secantes et des Logarithms
1750
Universite
de Paris
ID#:
B224.82
LOC: CHM


ROBERTS, EUGENE
A Programmed Sequence on the
Slide Rule
Chemical Education Material Study
W.H. Freeman and Company, San
Francisco
1962
ID#: B1675.01
LOC: CHM


Rowning, J.
Observations made at
Dinapoor June 4, 1769 on the planet Venus when passing over the Sun’s disk
Section from Phil Trans? P.
239256, rebound in leather
ID#: ?? (See B48.79)
LOC: CHM


Saxton, E.
Saxton's Logs for
FourPlace Work, Table and Text
Washington DC for the author
1908
ID#: B276.83
LOC: CHM


Scale, Bernard
Tables for the Easy
Valuating of Estates
London, for the author
1771
Engraved title page and
dedication page
ID#: B1593.01
LOC: CHM


Scheffelt, Michel
Pes Mechanicus Artificialis
Uber NeuErfundener WasStab
Berligts Daniel Barthalonaai
1718
Frontispiece shows a sector.
This uses accents to illustrate decimal places (a technique from preinvention
of the decimal point) and illustrates galley method of division.
ID#: B1536.01 (Marked 382.87)
LOC: CHM

Michael Scheffelt was a
mathematics teacher in Ulm who eventually gained a professorship at the
university there. He published several books on mathematical instruments during
his life.


Schoten, Francois
(Prof. Of math at the University of Leyden)
Tables de Sinus Tangentes
et Secant ad Radium 10,000,000
Brusselles, Lambert Marchant
1683
ID#: B367.86
LOC: CHM


Sexton's BoilerMakers' Pocket Book
ID#: B1682.01
LOC: CHM


Shaw, William
Shaw’s Universal Interest
Table
Maybole Scotland, for the
author
1897 (from preface)
back loose
ID#: B1546.01
LOC: CHM


Sike's tables of the
concentrated strength of spirits
London
1890
ID#: B1581.01
LOC: CHM


Smart, John
Tables of Interest
J. Darby & T. Browne
1726, 1st edition
ID#: B1623.01
LOC: CHM


Speidell, Euclid
Logarithmotechnia or the
Making of Numbers Called Logarithms to 25 Places From a Geometric Figure
Henry Clark
1688
Disbound
ID#: B281.83
LOC: CHM


Stanley, Philip E.
Boxwood & Ivory, Stanley
Traditional Rules, 1855‑1975
The Stanley Publishing Co.,
Westborough, 1984
ID#: B329.84
LOC: CHM


Strunz, Hugo
Mineralogische Tabellen
Leipzig
1957
ID#: B1549.01
LOC: CHM


Svoboda, Antonin
(edited by Hubert M. James)
Computing Mechanisms and
Linkages
New York, Dover Publications
1965
Unabridged republication of the
work first published by McGraw‑Hill Book Company, Inc. 1948
ID#: B253.82
LOC: CHM


Tables Annuelles de
Constantes et Données Numériques, Vol I
1910 reissue in 1924
Tables Annuelles de
Constantes et Données Numériques, Vol II
1913
Tables Annuelles de
Constantes et Données Numériques, Vol III
1912, reissue in 1914
Tables Annuelles de
Constantes et Données Numériques, Vol IV
1922
Tables Annuelles de
Constantes et Données Numériques, Vol V
1925
Tables Annuelles de
Constantes et Données Numériques, Vol VI
1927
ID#: B1666.01
LOC: CHM


Taylor, Michael
A Sexagesimal Table
London, William Richardson
1780
ID#: B1589.01
LOC: CHM


Thomas, M.
Instruction Pour se Servir de l'Arthmometre
Machine a Calculer Inventee par M. Thomas de Colmar
Paris
1852 (1^{st} editon???)
Binding of A.S.A.R. Louise
Marie de Bourbon Regente des Duches de Parme et de Plaisance with silk
endpapers.
ID#: B282.83
LOC: CHM

Charles Xavier Thomas was the
first to produce a commercially available calculating machine. In 1821 he
submitted, to the Société d’Encouragement pour L’Industrie Nationale in Paris, a
calculating machine he had constructed. He is usually thought of as the founder
of the calculating machine industry because any earlier producer of machines did
so in such limited quantities as to not constitute a business. Thomas remained
the only serious producer of calculating machines until Arthur Burkhardt began a
firm in Germany in 1878. The Thomas factory produced about 1500 machines between
1821 and 1878. Of this number, 60% were exported, about 30% were capable of
using 6 decimal place numbers, 60% were 8 decimal place, and 10% were 10 decimal
places in the input mechanism (the result register would usually contain twice
as many decimal places as the input mechanism). The interior workings were
based on the Leibniz stepped drum. The first few machines were driven by a
ribbon wrapped around a drum which, when pulled, would rotate the mechanism one
full revolution. This drive mechanism was replaced with a crank for the
majority of the production. 

Thompson, Silvanus P.
and Thomas, Eustace
Electrical Tables and
Memoranda
London, E&F. Spon
1898
Small
pocket size. 120 pages, plus an index. marked up by the owner.
(Silvanus P. Thompson was the
same person who translated De Magnete)
ID#: B366.86
LOC: CHM


Toyes, A
Tables de Comparaison entre les Mesures Anciennes usitees dan le Departement de
L’Aube, etc.
Chex
Sainton, Pere et Fils, Imprimeurs du Departement, 1800
France
Sheep‑backed boards
ID#:
B272.83
LOC:

May be a first edition. A rare
explication of the new metric system. 

Traill, Thomas W.
Boilers Marine and Land,
Their Construction and Strength (Ready Reckoner)
London
1906 (4th edition)
Disbound
ID#: B1613.01
LOC: CHM


Vlacq (Valcco),
Adriaan and Briggs, Henry (Henrici Briggs)
Trigonometria Artificialis
Goudae
1633
Rebacked
ID#: B279.83
LOC: CHM

Adriaan Vlacq was a member of a
wealthy family who translated several Latin books into Dutch, which were then
published by Ezechiel De Decker. These books included Napier’s Rabdologia and
Briggs’ Arithmetica logarithmitica. It would appear that Valcq financed the
1626 printing by Pierre Rammasein of Gouda—a firm in which he likely had a
financial interest. The next year, 1627, De Decker published Tweede deel, a
full set of logarithms for number from 1100,000 (using the Briggs’ values for
120,000 and 90,000100,000 and, with credit to Vlacq in the preface for the
rest). Vlacq took out the privilege on these logarithms and had them printed,
in his own name, in 1628. The Tweede deel was thus the first complete set of
logarithms but it remained unknown until rediscovered in 1920. The Vlacq
logarithms of 1628 were the famous “first complete” set. They were printed with
Briggs’ preface but to only 10 places of decimals rather than the 14 used by
Brigg’s. Vlacq considered this as the second edition of Briggs’ tables but it
is really a new work with only the preface and 30% of the table being due to
Briggs. 

Wass, C.A.A.
Introduction of
Electronic Analogue Computers
London, Perganon Press
1956, 2ed edition
Ex library binding
ID#: B1537.01
LOC: CHM


WaTSON, tHOMAS J.
As A Man Thinks
International Business Machines
Corporation
1954
ID#: B1674.01
LOC: CHM


Wentworth, George and
Smith, David Eugene
Essentials of Arithmetic
Advanced Book
Ginn and Co.
1915 (copyright)
Fair condition
ID#: B1011.98
LOC: CHM


Western Union Rules and
Instructions
ID#: B60.80
LOC:


Whitehills Calculator on
the Decimal System for the Use of Jewelers, Goldsmiths ...
Birmingham, Wm Davies
1897 new edition
ID#: B1554.01
LOC: CHM


Whiting, John
The Cube Calculator
(Ready Reckoner for Volumes)
London
ID#: B1585.01
LOC: CHM


Wilkes, M.V.,
Wheeler, D.J., Gill, Stanley
Programs for an Electronic
Digital Computer
Addison Wesley Publishing Company
1951, USA, Second Edition, 1957
ID#: B286.70
LOC: CHM


Willich, Charles M.
Popular Tables
Longmans Green & Co.
1904 (13th impression)
ID#: B1605.01
LOC: CHM


Wilson, John
The Infallible Time and
Money Table for Calculating Seamen's Wages
London, Norie & Wilson
1901, 10th edition
ID#: B1582.01
LOC: CHM


Wood, W.
Wood's Improved Tables of
Discount
Birmingham
1841 6th edition
Disbound
ID#: B1611.01
LOC: CHM


Wood, W.
Wood's Improved Tables of
Discount
Birmingham
1850 9th edition
ID#: B1003.98
LOC: CHM


Zehnstellige
logarithmen
Ester Band
Berlin
1922
Signature of L.M. MilneThomson
ID#: B1664.01
LOC: CHM


Zehnstellige
logarithmen
Zwiter Band
Berlin
1919
Signature of L.M. MilneThomson
ID#: B1663.01
LOC:
CHM
